The Autobiography of Malcolm X by Malcolm XAlternate cover for ISBN 9780345350688
Through a life of passion and struggle, Malcolm X became one of the most influential figures of the 20th Century. In this riveting account, he tells of his journey from a prison cell to Mecca, describing his transition from hoodlum to Muslim minister. Here, the man who called himself the angriest Black man in America relates how his conversion to true Islam helped him confront his rage and recognize the brotherhood of all mankind.
An established classic of modern America, The Autobiography of Malcolm X was hailed by the New York Times as Extraordinary. A brilliant, painful, important book. Still extraordinary, still important, this electrifying story has transformed Malcom Xs life into his legacy. The strength of his words, the power of his ideas continue to resonate more than a generation after they first appeared.
Story of cities #12: Haussmann rips up Paris – and divides France to this day
December 31, Angela Brussel. Imagine, if you will, a Paris that is awash in putrid vapors, streams of urine trickling through its arteries, piles of excrement everywhere, sulfur and arsenic particles dancing in the air. Romantic even, if you consider a seedy, decaying, medieval Paris romantic. But had any of us lived there, in its massive putrefying maw, at any point up until the 18th century, or even up until the first half of the 19th, we would have been absolutely miserable. We would have spent most of our income on bread literally, just bread and we probably would have died from starvation or from some type of bacteria transmitted through perpetual exposure to fecal matter.
Art and the French state
The French capital is one of the most striking examples of rational urban planning — a new study tries to explain how exactly it changed the city. How did they alter the way residents navigated the city? - Explain the social changes in London which led to the need for the underground railway.
He was the Parisian who ripped up his home city; one of the most famous and controversial urban planners in history. Internationally, Haussmann is celebrated for much that is loved about the French capital; notably those wide avenues flanked with imposing buildings of neatly dressed ashlar and intricate wrought iron balconies. His critics accused him of filling Paris with cobbled streets, bland buildings with stone facades, and wide, dead straight avenues so the army could repress the masses. De Moncan, who is writing a new biography of Haussmann, smarts with the injustice of what he sees as the ongoing maligning of his hero. In his absence, the population of Paris had exploded from , in to more than a million in — despite regular outbreaks of cholera and typhoid that killed tens of thousands. The French capital was overcrowded, dingy, dirty and riddled with disease. Why, Bonaparte pondered, was it not more like London, with its grand parks and gardens, its tree-lined avenues and modern sewage system?