Ancient Greece: A History in Eleven Cities by Paul Anthony CartledgeThe contribution of the ancient Greeks to modern western culture is incalculable. In the worlds of art, architecture, myth, literature & philosophy, the world we live in would be unrecognizable without the formative influence of ancient Greek models. This original & stimulating introduction to ancient Greece takes the city as its starting point, revealing just how central the polis (city- or citizen-state) was to Hellenistic cultural achievements. In particular, Cartledge uses the history of 11 major Greek cities--out of over a 1000--to illuminate the most important & informative aspects of Greek history. The book spans a surprisingly long time period, ranging from the 1st examples of ancient Greek language from Cnossus in Crete c. 1400 BC to the establishment of Constantinople (todays Istanbul) in 324 AD on the site of the Greek city of Byzantion. Cartledge highlights the role of such renowned cities as Athens (birthplace of democracy) & Sparta, but he also examines Argos, Thebes, Syracuse in Sicily & Alexandria in Egypt, as well as lesser known locales such as Miletus (home of the Wests 1st intellectual, Thales) & Massalia (Marseilles), where the Greeks introduced the wine grape to the French. The author uses these cities to illuminate major themes, from economics, religion & social relations, to gender & sexuality, slavery & freedom, & politics. Throughout, the book explores how these 11 cities differed both from each other & from modern society.
An innovative approach to ancient Greece & its legacy, both in terms of the time span covered & in its unique city-by-city organization, this volume provides an ideal concise introduction to the history & culture of this remarkable civilization.
Most SURPRISING Facts About The Ancient Greeks!
Ancient Greek Everyday Life
The term Ancient, or Archaic, Greece refers to the years B. Archaic Greece saw advances in art, poetry and technology, but is known as the age in which the polis, or city-state, was invented. The polis became the defining feature of Greek political life for hundreds of years. As they grew larger, these villages began to evolve. Some built walls. Most built a marketplace an agora and a community meeting place.
Ancient Greece had a warm, dry climate, as Greece does today. Most people lived by farming, fishing and trade. Others were soldiers, scholars, scientists and artists. Greek cities had beautiful temples with stone columns and statues, and open-air theatres where people sat to watch plays. Most people lived in villages or in the countryside.
Our new enquiry is history based and focuses on life in Ancient Greece. Throughout the enquiry we will be looking at what life was like for everyday people and we will study this through looking at a variety of different sources. Use the information, links and videos below to find out more! Ancient Greece was a civilization that dominated much of the Mediterranean thousands of years ago. Ancient Greece formed the foundation of much of Western culture today. Everything from government, philosophy, science, mathematics, art, literature, and even sports was impacted by the Ancient Greeks.
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Ancient Greek cities were protected by stone walls. Inside them, most of the land was occupied by private homes. However, there were also many temples and workshops. In a typical workshop, a craftsman worked with one or two assistants and perhaps a slave. Methods of government varied among the Greek city-states.
Men if they were not training in military, or discussing politics went to the Theatre for entertainment. To watch dramas that they could relate to, including tragedies and comedies. These often involved current politics and gods in some form. It is thought that women were not allowed to watch theatre or perform at the theatre, although male actors did play women roles. Lives of Women in Ancient Greece were closely tied to domestic work, spinning, weaving and other domestic duties.