Thomas Aquinas Quotes (Author of Summa Theologica, 5 Vols)
Explaining Thomas Aquinas' Proofs
Combining the theological principles of faith with the philosophical principles of reason, he ranked among the most influential thinkers of medieval Scholasticism. Thomas had eight siblings, and was the youngest child. His mother, Theodora, was countess of Teano. Before Saint Thomas Aquinas was born, a holy hermit shared a prediction with his mother, foretelling that her son would enter the Order of Friars Preachers, become a great learner and achieve unequaled sanctity. Following the tradition of the period, Saint Thomas Aquinas was sent to the Abbey of Monte Cassino to train among Benedictine monks when he was just 5 years old. In Wisdom , Saint Thomas Aquinas is described as "a witty child" who "had received a good soul.
He was the foremost classical proponent of natural theology at the peak of Scholasticism in Europe, and the founder of the Thomistic school of philosophy and theology. The philosophy of Aquinas has exerted enormous influence on subsequent Christian theology, especially that of the Roman Catholic Church , but also Western philosophy in general. His most important and enduring works are the "Summa Theologica" , in which he expounds his systematic theology of the "quinquae viae" the five proofs of the existence of God , and the "Summa Contra Gentiles". Aquinas was born around to a noble family in the small town of Roccasecca , near Aquino, Italy, in what was then the Kingdom of Sicily. His uncle, Sinibald , was abbot of the original Benedictine monastery at Monte Cassino and Aquinas was expected to follow his uncle into that position. At the age of 5, Aquinas began his early education at a monastery, and at the age of 16 he continued his studies at the University of Naples. At Naples, Aquinas soon began to veer towards the Dominican Order , much to the deep chagrin of his family who at one point seized and held him captive in an attempt to force him to toe the family line.
He developed his own conclusions from Aristotelian premises , notably in the metaphysics of personality, creation, and Providence. His doctrinal system and the explanations and developments made by his followers are known as Thomism. Although many modern Roman Catholic theologians do not find St. Thomas altogether congenial , he is nevertheless recognized by the Roman Catholic Church as its foremost Western philosopher and theologian. Thomas Aquinas was a member of the Roman Catholic Church.
Although he is today primarily associated with the Catholic doctrine, he has also profoundly influenced modern philosophy in many areas, particularly in metaphysics, ethics and natural law. Aquinas was born in in Roccasecca in the castle of the Aquino family therefore he is sometimes also referred to as Thomas of Aquino to Landolfo Aquino and his wife Teodora of Chiety. Young Thomas stayed at the abbey from until when Monte Cassino was occupied by the Imperial troops. He continued education at the University of Naples where he is thought to have been introduced to the works of both Aristotle and Averroes which profoundly influenced his later theological and philosophical works. In , Aquinas joined the Dominican order at Naples but he was soon sent to further education to the University of Paris.
Catholicism portal. He is an immensely influential philosopher , theologian , and jurist in the tradition of scholasticism , within which he is also known as the Doctor Angelicus and the Doctor Communis. He was the foremost classical proponent of natural theology and the father of Thomism ; of which he argued that reason is found in God. His influence on Western thought is considerable, and much of modern philosophy developed or opposed his ideas, particularly in the areas of ethics, natural law , metaphysics , and political theory. Unlike many currents in the Church of the time,  Thomas embraced several ideas put forward by Aristotle —whom he called "the Philosopher"—and attempted to synthesize Aristotelian philosophy with the principles of Christianity.
The Church has told us countless times to go to St. Thomas for guidance in matters of philosophy and theology. Over the centuries this authoritative counsel has been a source of motivation for countless schools and seminaries, teachers and scholars. But just who was this saint, what were the main lines of his life, and what are the characteristics of his major works? Such questions are ever more relevant as fewer know their answers.