The Rise of the Roman Empire by PolybiusPolybius, himself a Greek and an active contemporary participant in political relations with Rome, wrote the forty books of his Universal History primarily to chronicle and account for the Roman conquest of Greece between 200 and 167 B.C. He saw that Mediterranean history, under Romes influence, was becoming an organic whole, so he starts his work in 264 B.C. with the beginning of Romes clash with African Carthage, the rival imperialist power, and
ends with the final destruction of Carthage in 146 B.C.
The History of the Romans: Every Year
The Roman Empire , at its height c. The influence of the Roman Empire on western civilization was profound in its lasting contributions to virtually every aspect of western culture. In contrast, the Senate willingly granted Augustus the title of emperor, lavishing praise and power on him because he had destroyed Rome's enemies and brought much-needed stability. In that time, as he said himself, he "found Rome a city of clay but left it a city of marble. The Pax Romana Roman Peace , also known as the Pax Augusta, which he initiated, was a time of peace and prosperity hitherto unknown and would last over years. This trend would continue, more or less steadily, with the emperors who followed: Caligula , Claudius , and Nero. These first five rulers of the empire are referred to as the Julio-Claudian Dynasty for the two family names they descended from either by birth or through adoption , Julius and Claudius.
Beginning in the eighth century B.
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A brief history of the world's greatest empire
They themselves say that their founders were brought up by the milk of a she-wolf; just so that the entire race as hearts of wolves, insatiable of blood, and ever greedy and lusting after power and riches. Rome was just one of many city-states of the Latin people located in modern day central Italy and, in many ways, was not dissimilar to the fractured civilization of the Greeks. - The Romans and their empire at its height in CE was the most extensive political and social structure in western civilization.
The rise of Rome began with the expansion of the Roman Republic in Italy and continued under the Empire until the reign of Trajan , the last emperor to add significant territory to Rome. It is the subject of a great deal of analysis by historians, military strategists, political scientists, and increasingly also some economists. The exact causes and motivations for Rome's military conflicts and expansions during the republic are subject to wide debate. While they can be seen as motivated by outright aggression and imperialism , historians typically take a much more nuanced view. City-states that the Romans defeated began to make alliances with the Romans.
This article takes the story of Rome from its origins right up to the reign of the first emperor, Augustus, in the first century BCE. For more on the society and culture of ancient Rome, go to the article on the Civilization of Ancient Rome. The early history of Rome was set against a background of cultural change, when the simple way of life of the peoples of central Italy were beginning to be affected by influences from the eastern Mediterranean. In central Italy there is a plain on the west coast called Latium , which takes its name from the Latin people who lived there in the first millennium BC. They had come down into Italy from the north, like other Italic peoples, and had settled in small villages of thatched huts, sometime in the second millennium.