Quote by Julie Murphy: “Captain James Cooks ship, The Endeavour, hit a...”
Wreck of Captain Cook's HMS Endeavour 'discovered' off US coast
Facebook Twitter Email. CNN — The wreck of Captain Cook's HMS Endeavour may have finally been pinpointed, 17, kilometers 10, miles from the country with which it's most famously associated. Researchers in Rhode Island, on the East Coast of the United States , said this week that they had narrowed a decades-long search for the Endeavour to "one or two archaeological sites," just in time for the th anniversary of Cook's voyage from the UK to Australia aboard the vessel, the first recorded European contact with that continent. In a statement, the Rhode Island Marine Archeology Project RIMAP said it would release more details and a 3D mockup of a prospective wreck site on September 21, with detailed examinations expected to begin early next year. Despite the Endeavour's impressive pedigree -- it was used by Cook to land on Australia's east coast, map New Zealand and circumnavigate the globe during his voyage -- in the ship's later years it was renamed the Lord Sandwich and used as a troop transport.
She was launched in as the collier Earl of Pembroke , with the navy purchasing her in for a scientific mission to the Pacific Ocean to explore the seas for the surmised Terra Australis Incognita or "unknown southern land". The navy commissioned her as His Majesty's Bark Endeavour. She then set sail into the largely uncharted ocean to the south, stopping at the Pacific islands of Huahine , Borabora , and Raiatea to allow Cook to claim them for Great Britain. In September , she anchored off New Zealand, the first European vessel to reach the islands since Abel Tasman 's Heemskerck years earlier. In April , Endeavour became the first ship to reach the east coast of Australia, when Cook went ashore at what is now known as Botany Bay. Endeavour then sailed north along the Australian coast.
In March the British Admiralty had decided to purchase the East-coast collier and Whitby-built bark the Earl of Pembroke for the expedition sponsored by the Royal Society of London to observe the transit of Venus in On April 1st the Secretary of the Admiralty advised the Council of the Royal Society of the purchase and James Cook was selected for command of the expedition. The Earl of Pembroke was renamed the Endeavour Bark after being sheathed with additional light planking and fitted out at Deptford Naval Yards on the Thames. The word "bark" in Cook's days was not synonymous with our own term "barque". At the present time a barque is a square-rigged ship, except that the mizzen-mast is a fore-and-aft rigged. A "bark", so far as the Endeavour was concerned', meant a "cat" or bluff-bowed boat of shallow draught with rigging incomplete in the mizzen. Cook was all in favour of this type of vessel because, if it grounded in shallow water, it had a much better chance of floating off than a heavy vessel.
The Earl of Pembroke was renamed the Endeavour Bark after being sheathed with additional light planking and fitted out at Deptford Naval Yards on the.
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All of Cook's remarkable discoveries were undertaken in relatively humble ships designed for hauling coal. Cook went on three voyages under the auspices of the Admiralty. Naval ships in the 18th century wore red, white or blue ensigns maritime flags depending on the rank of the admiral commanding their squadron.
The ship was later used by the Royal Navy in the American war of independence and was eventually scuttled with a dozen other vessels off Newport, Rhode Island in He said divers in the US were currently working to confirm whether one of five shipwrecks is the Endeavour by gathering samples from the location. Most of the ships that were scuttled in Newport in August were built of American or Indian timbers [but] the Endeavour was built in the north of England of predominantly oak. Cook departed Plymouth in August , and in April the Endeavour became the first European ship to reach the east coast of Australia when Cook arrived at what is now known as Botany Bay. The ship was renamed the Lord Sandwich 2 and in its later life was used by the British as a prison for Americans captured during the war of independence.
The famed South Pacific voyage by James Cook and his crew in HMS Endeavour —71 resulted in huge advances in European scientific knowledge, an important milestone in what became known as the 'Age of Reason'. But how much is known about the famous ship in which the crew sailed? These shifts in identity have confused historians for centuries. Read more:. The vessel was built predominantly of oak, the timber most likely sourced from the nearby vales.