The Tourist Gaze: Leisure And Travel In Contemporary Societies by John UrryTourism is both a key aspect of modern life and a substantial industry; yet its importance has been generally unrecognized by academic commentators. In this book John Urry sets out to construct a distinctive sociology of tourism. He demonstrates that tourism deserves attention not only in its own right but as a central element of broad cultural changes in contemporary society. are systematic ways of seeing what we as tourists look at and that these ways of seeing can be described and explained. John Urry develops this analysis through various levels - historical, economic, social, cultural and visual. its development as a global industry. The economic impact and complex social relations involved in international tourism are explored. Changing patterns of tourism are shown to be connected to the broader cultural changes of postmodernism and related to the role of the service and middle classes. The author argues that we are seeing a universalization of the tourist gaze and increasing confusion between tourism as it is conventionally understood and a host of other social practices - shopping, sport, culture, hobbies, leisure and education.
Romanticising Tourism: - Nisha Abm - TEDxYishun
The Tourist Gaze, by John Urry
Movement is the crossing of space by people, objects, capital, ideas and other information. It is either oriented, and therefore occurs between an origin and one or more destinations, or it is more akin to the idea of simply wandering, with no real origin or destination. A lifestyle is a composition of daily activities and experiences that give sense and meaning to the life of a person or a group in time and space. Broadly, the word mobility can be defined as the intention to move and the realization of this movement in geographical space, implying a social change. First published in and republished twice, The Tourist Gaze , by sociologist John Urry, is one of the major works on tourism. In this book, John Urry argues that the centrality of the visual in contemporary culture is mirrored in tourism, and that our desires to visit places and the ways we learn to visually appreciate those places are not merely individual and autonomous but are socially organised.
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This new edition extends into fresh areas with the same passion and insight of the object. Even more essential reading! Many places around the world are being produced and made fit for tourist consumption. Tourism Mobilities analyses tourist performances such as walking, shopping, sunbathing, photographing, eating, clubbing and why and how some places turn in globa The original Tourist Gaze was a classic, marking out a new land to study and appreciate.
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Heritage commodification is the process by which cultural themes and expressions come to be evaluated primarily in terms of their exchange value , specifically within the context of cultural tourism. In the context of modern globalization , complex and often contradictory layers of meaning are produced in local societies, and the marketing of one's cultural expressions can degrade a particular culture while simultaneously assisting in its integration into the global economy. The repatriation of profits, or "leakage", that occurs with the influx of tourist capital into a heritage tourist site including handicraft vendors, food vendors, basket makers, and several other items that are produced locally and rely upon tourist capital is a crucial part of any sustainable development that can be considered beneficial to local communities. Tourism is often directly tied to economic development, so many populations see globalization as providing increased access to vital medical services and important commodities. The tourism industry has been rapidly growing during the past two decades, and the expansion will probably continue well into the future.