The History Book Club - THE FIRST WORLD WAR: TREATY OF VERSAILLES 1919 (INCLUDING COVENANT OF THE LEAGUE OF NATIONS) Showing 1-50 of 50
7: GCSE History - Was the Treaty Fair?
How the Treaty of Versailles and German Guilt Led to World War II
Germany . The Treaty ended the state of war between Germany and the Allied Powers. It was signed on 28 June in Versailles , exactly five years after the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand , which had directly led to the war. The other Central Powers on the German side signed separate treaties. The treaty was registered by the Secretariat of the League of Nations on 21 October Of the many provisions in the treaty, one of the most important and controversial required "Germany [to] accept the responsibility of Germany and her allies for causing all the loss and damage" during the war the other members of the Central Powers signed treaties containing similar articles.
As the war drew to a close, Woodrow Wilson set forth his plan for a " just peace. His Fourteen Points outlined his vision for a safer world. Wilson called for an end to secret diplomacy, a reduction of armaments, and freedom of the seas. He claimed that reductions to trade barriers, fair adjustment of colonies, and respect for national self-determination would reduce economic and nationalist sentiments that lead to war. Finally, Wilson proposed an international organization comprising representatives of all the world's nations that would serve as a forum against allowing any conflict to escalate. Unfortunately, Wilson could not impose his world view on the victorious Allied Powers.
The Treaty of Versailles, signed June 28 at the Paris Peace Conference, was a treaty created by the Allied powers that ended the war five years after it started. The treaty reprimanded and condemned Germany for its overt aggression that started the war. However, having lost significant amounts of resources, troops, and money as a result of the war, Germany subsequently forced to agree to the demands of set forth in the treaty as they had no choice. However, after ratification, the treaty was eventually revised, giving Germany much more breathing room. The treaty was created not only to reprimand Germany, but to send a message to Germany and its allies that over-aggression is not accepted in the international community.
British Broadcasting Corporation Home. The peace settlement was drawn up at the end of a long and gruelling war which cost over eight million lives and, according to one estimate, around billion dollars - or to put it another way, over six times the sum of all the national debt accumulated in the entire world from the end of the 18th century to When press reports about Wilson's Fourteen Points first reached Germany, the American peace programme was indignantly dismissed
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The United States in World War I
The terms of the Treaty of Versailles were announced in June The German politicians were not consulted about the terms of the Treaty. They were shown the draft terms in May They complained bitterly, but the Allies did not take any notice of their complaints. Germany had very little choice but to sign the Treaty. When the Treaty terms were announced in June , there was a mixed reaction.