The Code of Hammurabi by HammurabiThe Code of Hammurabi is a well-preserved ancient law code, created circa 1760 BC in ancient Babylon. It was enacted by the sixth Babylonian king, Hammurabi. The stele containing the Code of Hammurabi was discovered in 1901 by the Egyptologist Gustav Jequier, a member of the expedition headed by Jacques de Morgan. The stele was discovered in what is now Khuzestan, Iran (ancient Susa, Elam), where it had been taken as plunder by the Elamite king Shutruk-Nahhunte in the 12th century BC. It is currently on display at the Louvre Museum in Paris.
4c. Hammurabi's Code: An Eye for an Eye
All rights reserved. The Amorite ruler Hammurabi unknown— B. He could be merciless to enemies, destroying cities that defied him. But he also provided unity and stability to his empire by compiling a code of laws, or legal precedents, that applied to all of his subjects. Inscribed in stone on a monument showing Hammurabi being blessed by the sun god Shamash, the code governed domestic disputes as well as crimes committed outside the home. Learn how Mesopotamia became the birthplace of the world's first cities, advancements in math and science, and a legal system.
This phrase, along with the idea of written laws, goes back to ancient Mesopotamian culture that prospered long before the Bible was written or the civilizations of the Greeks or Romans flowered. The code was found by French archaeologists in while excavating the ancient city of Susa, which is in modern-day Iran. Hammurabi is the best known and most celebrated of all Mesopotamian kings. He ruled the Babylonian Empire from B. Although he was concerned with keeping order in his kingdom, this was not his only reason for compiling the list of laws. When he began ruling the city-state of Babylon, he had control of no more than 50 square miles of territory.
Hammurabi [a] c. He was preceded by his father, Sin-Muballit , who abdicated due to failing health. During his reign, he conquered Elam and the city-states of Larsa , Eshnunna , and Mari. He ousted Ishme-Dagan I , the king of Assyria , and forced his son Mut-Ashkur to pay tribute, bringing almost all of Mesopotamia under Babylonian rule. Hammurabi is best known for having issued the Code of Hammurabi , which he claimed to have received from Shamash , the Babylonian god of justice. Unlike earlier Sumerian law codes, such as the Code of Ur-Nammu , which had focused on compensating the victim of the crime, the Law of Hammurabi was one of the first law codes to place greater emphasis on the physical punishment of the perpetrator. It prescribed specific penalties for each crime and is among the first codes to establish the presumption of innocence.
It is one of the oldest deciphered writings of significant length in the world. The sixth Babylonian king, Hammurabi , enacted the code.
The Code of Hammurabi was one of the earliest and most complete written legal codes and was proclaimed by the Babylonian king Hammurabi, who reigned from to B. Hammurabi expanded the city-state of Babylon along the Euphrates River to unite all of southern Mesopotamia. The Hammurabi code of laws, a collection of rules, established standards for commercial interactions and set fines and punishments to meet the requirements of justice. Hammurabi was the sixth king in the Babylonian dynasty, which ruled in central Mesopotamia present-day Iraq from c. In the 30th year of his reign, Hammurabi began to expand his kingdom up and down the Tigris and Euphrates river valley, overthrowing the kingdoms of Assyria, Larsa, Eshunna and Mari until all of Mesopotamia was under his sway.
Code of Hammurabi , the most complete and perfect extant collection of Babylonian laws, developed during the reign of Hammurabi — bce of the 1st dynasty of Babylon. These case laws include economic provisions prices, tariffs, trade, and commerce , family law marriage and divorce , as well as criminal law assault, theft and civil law slavery, debt. Penalties varied according to the status of the offenders and the circumstances of the offenses. The background of the code is a body of Sumerian law under which civilized communities had lived for many centuries. The existing text is in the Akkadian Semitic language, but, even though no Sumerian version is known to survive, the code was meant to be applied to a wider realm than any single country and to integrate Semitic and Sumerian traditions and peoples. Moreover, despite a few primitive survivals relating to family solidarity, district responsibility, trial by ordeal , and the lex talionis i.