Fundamentals of Town Planning by G.K. HiraskarTable of Contents 1. Introduction 2. Growth of Towns 3. History of Town Planning in India 4. Elements of City Plan 5. Surveys 6. Zoning 7. Housing 8. Slums 9. Parks and Playgrounds 10. Public Buildings and Town Centres 11. Industries 12. Communication and Traffic Control 13. Urban Renewal and Replanning the Existing Towns 14. Master Plan 15. Planning Law and Legislation 16. Village Planning.
URBAN PLANNING - WHAT IS ZONING?
As cities are increasingly where humanitarian action responds to crises, can urban planning principles help humanitarians intervene more effectively? As the world urbanises, so too must the humanitarian sector. Be it because of economic migration or increases in global population, or other reasons, people are moving to and living in urban areas.
Fundamentals of Town Planning
Cities are known to be the most innovative and complex creations of human beings. They have existed in the past and will continue to exist in the future, showcasing human growth and development. Cities are economic and social systems, that are dominating the global canvas in terms of concentration of population. They are also the principle centers of economy, consumer markets and also have a highly trained workforce. As engines of economic growth, cities are known to be creators of wealth, generators of employment and promoters of the economy. These are also responsible for the planning and development of water use and resources, rural and agricultural land, parks and conserving areas of natural environment significance. It is also estimated that by there will be over a Metro cities around India.
Urban planning is a technical and political process concerned with the development and design of land use and the built environment, including air, water, and the infrastructure passing into and out of urban areas , such as transportation , communications , and distribution networks. It is closely related to the field of urban design and some urban planners provide designs for streets, parks, buildings and other urban areas. Urban planning guides orderly development in urban, suburban and rural areas. Although predominantly concerned with the planning of settlements and communities, urban planning is also responsible for the planning and development of water use and resources, rural and agricultural land, parks and conserving areas of natural environmental significance. Practitioners of urban planning are concerned with research and analysis, strategic thinking, architecture , urban design, public consultation , policy recommendations, implementation and management.