Journey Of 100 Years: Reflections On The Centennial Of Philippine Independence by Cecilia Manguerra BrainardSo far, the most educational book that Ive read this year. I may be an old man but I still appreciate learning new things. Well, the information that I learned from this book were supposed to be known to me as a Filipino. Shame on me but hey, we are not supposed to know everything! Thats why we read and read! Until we die!
Philippine American Women Writers and Artist (PAWWA) was a small group of Filipina writers in Southern California. It only had seven members and they held a one-day conference Journey of 100 Years: The Philippine Experience on April 14, 1998 as their way of participating in the worldwide celebration of the Philippine Centennial. The seven women members were all writers, aside from the other arts they dabbled on. So, in collaboration with Asian Pacific Student Services of Loyola Marymount University in Los Angeles, California, they wrote their insights regarding the centennial celebration and invited other Filipino-American writers who were mostly based in the US. This wonderful book contains all the 17 essays mostly by Filipina writers who were born here in the Philippines and are now staying and living their lives in the US. The striking denominators among most of these writers are: they are mostly in their twilight years, born here in the Philippines and studied and sometimes even taught in one of our best or exclusive schools (UP, Ateneo, DLSU, St. Scholastica, Assumption, etc). Then they migrated to the US, made names for themselves mostly as writers or educators and are now either retired or semi-retired. Their writings are full of poignant memories of their childhood, interesting bits and trivia of probably not-well known facts our high-school history books missed or deliberately ignored, what they thought went wrong with our country and what we could do to move on and be a proud country one again.
All these years, I used to wonder where were the brilliant Filipina writers. Most of the more prominent Filipino writers are men. Check the names of the National Artists of the Philippines for Literature awardees you only have Edith L. Tiempo among 12 gentlemen. This book answered my question: it seemed that the brilliant female writers went to the US in the past 6 decades and just like the ilustrados when the Philippines was under the Spanish regime, theyve bonded themselves as a group called PAWWA and wrote about the Philippines and let the world know who we were as a nation. I am referring to Cecilia Manguerra Brainard, Valorie Slaughter Bejerano, Susan Evangelista, Rosita G. Galang, Luisa A. Igloria, Elizabeth Pastores-Pallfy, Felice Prudente Sta. Maria, Susan N. Montepio, Herminia Menez and Nadine Sarreal.
My reading of this book is 11 years late but as they say, it is better late than never.
Please allow me to use this space to list down the things I learned from this book:
- Enrique was the Malay boy who were with Magellan during his voyage to the Far East in search of spices. When Magellan was killed by Lapu-lapu, Enrique stayed in the Philippines and lived with the people of his own race.
- Los Agraviados was a religious group that originated in Urdaneta, Pangasinan that later became a rebel group. So, in 1898, they were the 3rd powerful organization in Pangasinan next to Spaniards, the Revolutionaries. Very interesting story that I only learned about from this book!
- Unlike the Americans, Spanish government in the Philippines did not make Spanish the medium of instruction in our schools. They only taught Spanish to our forefathers so they could confess their sins.
- The first American teachers arrived in the Philippines via a boat M/S Thomasites so they were called Thomasites. I thought before that those were the same group who founded the University of Santo Thomas. Stupid me!
- When Andrew Cunanan killed Gianni Versace in 1997 we thought he was just one of those serial killers. When it was known to the world that he was half-Filipino, the Filipino-Americans in the US felt that eyes were on them. In the 20s, Filipinos almost escaped the antimiscegenation law when in 1931 the US Court judged that we were not Mongolians; we belonged to the Malay group (some equated the Malay with the Mongolian - dont they look alike?). Because of this, the California legislature prohibited white-Filipino marriages, a law not repealed until 1948. Interesting!!!!
- The first wave of Filipinos went to the US via the coast of California and into Oregon and Washington, picking asparagus and lettuce and apples and sometimes venturing as far north as the Alaskan salmon canneries, working as waiters in restaurants and boys in hotels during the winter where there were no crops to pick. They were referred to as Old Timers.
- Carlos Bulosan who came in in the 30s, where in the batch called Manongs. They suffered worst fate than the Old Timers because they came in during the Great Depression in the 30s.
- The Dancers came in the 60s. They were the modern young people from Manila of the 60s - probably college students. They did Filipino folk dances, so they were very good in our native culture. They ignored the Manongs who thought that the Dancers would ask for their help.
- Referring to the Filipino-born writers living abroad, Paulino Lim wrote in his essay: To write in English in the U.K. or the U.S. is to adopt the language of the dominant culture. Not fully conversant with the adopted culture, the immigrant writer risks being marginalized or, worse, rendered mute. Whereas in the Philippines, English marginalizes the writer in another sense as being elitist, out of touch with the masses; futhermore, it prevents the writer from participating in the development of a true Philippine literature. Wow. Hmmm. I wonder what the likes of Michael Syjuco and Samantha Sotto can say to this.
philippines 100 years from now essay sample
We can draw our deductions from the trends we currently see, including current events, popular will, and various government acts. I shall presume that readers are fairly well versed on social, political, and economic developments in the Philippines. If you have questions or disagree with the projections, please make your points in the discussion that follows the article. Remember that hopes and wishes are not exactly analytical. To help with the discussion, I have asked my bookie Sal to attach some probabilities to various predictions.
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An Essay: Twenty years from now , the world will be a better place to live in People are always looking for new ways to improve their life. Twenty years from now there will be many changes in medicine, technology and in environment. Firstly, surgeons will be able to replace every part of human body so people will live longer. Secondly, there will be some changes in technology. Computers will become much more intelligent and they will be part of our everyday life. Finally, there will be also