Hideki Tojo Biography: Biography Books by Bridget
東條英機 演説 / Speech by Hideki Tojo
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He was among the most outspoken proponents for preventive war against the United States before the attack on Pearl Harbor  and one of the leading perpetrators behind Japanese war crimes on prisoners of war and civilians during the Pacific conflict. After the end of the war, Tojo was arrested, condemned and sentenced to death by the International Military Tribunal for the Far East , and hanged on December 23,
Having already earned a reputation for sternness and discipline, Tojo was given command of the 1st Infantry Regiment upon return to Japan. In , he was made chief of staff of the Kwantung Army in Manchuria, China. In July of , he was made minister of war and soon clashed with the Prime Minister, Prince Fumimaro Konoye, who had been fighting to reform his government by demilitarizing its politics. In October, Konoye resigned because of increasing tension with Tojo, who succeeded as prime minister while holding on to his offices of army minister and war minister, and assuming the offices of minister of commerce and of industry as well. When Saipan fell to the U.
He symbolized, in his rise to leadership of the Japanese government, the emergence of Japanese militarism and its parochial view of the world. Hideki Tojo was born in Tokyo on Dec. Tojo entered military school in , following in the footsteps of his father, a professional military man who served as a lieutenant colonel in the Sino-Japanese War and as a major general in the Russo-Japanese War. Tojo likewise saw service, though briefly, in the latter war. In he graduated with honors from the army war college and was subsequently sent abroad for 3 years of study in Europe. After his return he served as an instructor in military science at the war college. Brusque, scrupulous, and hardworking, Tojo came to be known as kamisori the razor for the sharp, decisive, impatient qualities that he manifested as he rose rapidly through the military hierarchy.