Robert `curthose, Duke of Normandy by William M. AirdThis detailed biography offers a reappraisal of the career of Robert Curthose, William the Conquerors eldest son and duke of Normandy from 1087 to 1106, locating the dukes career in the social, cultural and political context of the period. Roberts relationship with members of his family shaped the political landscape of England and Normandy for much of the late eleventh and early twelfth centuries: indeed, even after his incarceration, from 1106 to 1134, his son William Clito (d. 1128) continued the fight against Roberts brother, Henry I. Twice driven into exile, Robert defeated his father in battle and eventually succeeded to the duchy of Normandy, although the throne of England was seized by William Rufus and then Henry I. For twenty years Robert successfully defended Normandy, developing policies to counter the vastly superior English resources at the disposal of his brothers. Roberts leading role in the success of the First Crusade (1095-99) also made him one of the most famous warriors of his age. He returned to Western Europe in 1100, a chivalric hero with a reputation that stretched from Scotland to Palestine. This book returns Robert Curthose to centre stage in the bloody drama of this period, a drama so often dominated by accounts from a royal and English perspective. Dr WILLIAM M. AIRD is Lecturer in History, School of History, Classics and Archaeology, University of Edinburgh.
Robert I "the Magnificent", Duke of Normandy
Robert Curthose c. Robert was also an unsuccessful claimant to the throne of the Kingdom of England. The epithet "Curthose" had its origins in the Norman French word courtheuse "short stockings" and was apparently derived from a nickname given to Robert by his father; the chroniclers William of Malmesbury and Orderic Vitalis reported that William the Conqueror had derisively called Robert brevis-ocrea "short boot". Robert mortgaged his duchy to finance his participation in the First Crusade , where he was an important crusader commander. Eventually, his disagreements with Henry I led to his death in captivity and the absorption of Normandy as a possession of England.
Douglas Richardson  provides one line of descent from Charlemagne to William the Conqueror and four lines of descent from Charlemagne to William's wife Maud., Robert's reign was a turbulent period in the history of Normandy.
After a year of studies at the University of Toronto's College of Education, he taught high school science in Collingwood, Ontario for a year and then taught chemistry, physics and general science in Hamilton, Ontario for twenty-nine years. Robert Sewell retired from teaching in June Click to contact Robert Sewell. Please visit the Sewell Genealogy Site Map for other pages in this series. The information presented here has been taken from the following sources: Frederick L. Weis and Walter L.