History Decoded: The 10 Greatest Conspiracies of All Time by Brad MeltzerIts an irresistible combination: Brad Meltzer, a born storyteller, counting down the worlds most intriguing unsolved mysteries. And to make this richly illustrated book even richer, each chapter invites the reader along for an interactive experience through the addition of removable facsimile documents—the evidence! Its a treasure trove for conspiracy buffs, a Griffin and Sabine for history lovers.
Adapted from Decoded, Meltzers hit show on the HISTORY network, History Decoded explores fascinating, unexplained questions. Is Fort Knox empty? Why was Hitler so intent on capturing the Roman Spear of Destiny? Whats the government hiding in Area 51? Where did the Confederacys $19 million in gold and silver go at the end of the Civil War? And did Lee Harvey Oswald really act alone? Meltzer sifts through the evidence; weighs competing theories; separates what we know to be true with whats still—and perhaps forever—unproved or unprovable; and in the end, decodes the mystery, arriving at the most likely solution. Along the way we meet Freemasons, Rosicrucians, Nazi propagandists, and the real DB Cooper.
Bound in at the beginning of each story is a custom-designed envelope—a faux 19th-century leather satchel, a U.S. government classified file—containing facsimiles of relevant evidence: John Wilkes Booths alleged unsigned will, a map of the Vatican, Kennedys death certificate. The whole is a riveting, interactive adventure through the compelling world of mysteries and conspiracies.
A bite-sized guide to Third Wave Feminism - all about women 2018
History of feminism
Additionally, not every wave has a distinct time frame, rather each wave is better defined by its goals and mechanisms than a period in time. There are three traditionally recognized waves of feminism focused respectively on politics, culture and academia. There is also an emerging fourth wave of feminism that is less universally recognized and focused on technology. The debate over the Fifteenth Amendment which outlined who could vote in the United States eventually led the abolitionists and suffragettes to diverge. Susan B.
Written By: Sally Ann Drucker. The term feminism describes political, cultural, and economic movements that aim to establish equal rights and legal protections for women. Feminist history can be divided into three waves. The third wave, beginning in the s, refers to a continuation of, and a reaction to, second-wave feminism. First-wave feminism promoted equal contract and property rights for women, opposing ownership of married women by their husbands. By the late 19th century, feminist activism was primarily focused on the right to vote. American first-wave feminism ended with passage of the 19th Amendment to the US Constitution in , granting women voting rights.
Feminism involves political and sociological theories and philosophies concerned with issues of gender difference, as well as a movement that advocates gender equality for women and campaigns for women's rights and interests. Although the terms "feminism" and "feminist" did not gain widespread use until the s, they were already being used in the public parlance much earlier; for instance, Katherine Hepburn speaks of the "feminist movement" in the film Woman of the Year. According to Maggie Humm and Rebecca Walker, the history of feminism can be divided into three waves. The first feminist wave was in the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, the second was in the s and s, and the third extends from the s to the present. Feminist theory emerged from these feminist movements. It is manifest in a variety of disciplines such as feminist geography, feminist history and feminist literary criticism. Feminism has altered predominant perspectives in a wide range of areas within Western society, ranging from culture to law.
However, empowered by the constant connectivity of the internet and the strength of the MeToo movement, a new wave of feminists are speaking out in record numbers against discrimination. A new era for feminism has begun, full of passion, social-influencing power, and demanding change. Often taken for granted, women in the late 19th to early 20th centuries, realized that they must first gain political power including the right to vote to bring about change was how to fuel the fire. Their political agenda expanded to issues concerning sexual, reproductive and economic matters. The seed was planted that women have the potential to contribute just as much if not more than men. Coming off the heels of World War II, the second wave of feminism focused on the workplace, sexuality, family and reproductive rights.
Jump to navigation. Her specialty is the early medieval period with an emphasis on social history and the activities and roles of women. She holds an MA in medieval history from the University of Utah and a doctorate in medieval history from the University of Virginia. It is common to speak of three phases of modern feminism; however, there is little consensus as to how to characterize these three waves or what to do with women's movements before the late nineteenth century. Making the landscape even harder to navigate, a new silhouette is emerging on the horizon and taking the shape of a fourth wave of feminism.
The third wave of feminism emerged in the mids. Although they benefitted significantly from the legal rights and protections that had been obtained by first- and second-wave feminists, they also critiqued the positions and what they felt was unfinished work of second-wave feminism. The third wave was made possible by the greater economic and professional power and status achieved by women of the second wave, the massive expansion in opportunities for the dissemination of ideas created by the information revolution of the late 20th century, and the coming of age of Generation X scholars and activists. Some early adherents of the new approach were literally daughters of the second wave. Jennifer Baumgardner and Amy Richards, authors of Manifesta: Young Women, Feminism, and the Future , were both born in and raised by second wavers who had belonged to organized feminist groups, questioned the sexual division of labour in their households, and raised their daughters to be self-aware, empowered, articulate , high-achieving women. These women and others like them grew up with the expectation of achievement and examples of female success as well as an awareness of the barriers presented by sexism , racism , and classism. They chose to battle such obstacles by inverting sexist, racist, and classist symbols, fighting patriarchy with irony , answering violence with stories of survival, and combating continued exclusion with grassroots activism and radical democracy.