The History Book Club - THE FIRST WORLD WAR: GALLIPOLI OR DARDANELLES Showing 1-50 of 56
Battle of Gallipoli
Of all the varied parts of the world where British and Commonwealth forces were deployed during the First World War , Gallipoli was remembered by its veterans as one of the worst places to serve. It was the scene of some of the fiercest fighting of the war. Allied troops landed there in April and spent months on the small peninsula of land guarding the Dardanelles Straits in modern-day Turkey. There were heavy casualties, not only from the fighting, but from the extremely unsanitary conditions. Of the estimated , British casualties, , were from illness. Here, some of the thousands of men who served at Gallipoli recall what conditions there were like in their own words.
The men clutched their rifles and peered at a crescent of sand a few hundred yards away, fortified by barbed wire strung across wooden posts. Just beyond the beach rose rugged limestone cliffs covered in heavy brush. It was a few minutes after dawn on April 25, , and the 1st Battalion of the Lancashire Fusiliers was preparing to land on W Beach on the southern end of the Gallipoli Peninsula. Richard Willis, commander of C Company. The stroke oar of my boat fell forward to the angry astonishment of his mates.
It was carried out between 25th April and 9th January on the Gallipoli peninsula in the Ottoman Empire. The doomed campaign was thought up by Winston Churchill to end the war early by creating a new war front that the Ottomans could not cope with. On January 15th , the War Council gave its agreement and British troops in Egypt were put on alert. Fighting against such forces as the Russian and French armies put a great deal of strain on the German military. Creating another front would force the Germans to split their army still further as they would need to support the depleting Turkish army.
Main articles: Middle Eastern theatre of World War I and Ottoman entry into World The British briefly bombarded forts in Gallipoli, invaded.
you re your own worst critic
Ottoman Empire: 56, killed 97, wounded or injured 11, missing or PoW 69, evacuated sick  21, died of disease . The Entente powers, Britain, France and the Russian Empire , sought to weaken the Ottoman Empire , one of the Central Powers , by taking control of the straits that provided a supply route to Russia. The Allies' attack on Ottoman forts at the entrance of the Dardanelles in February failed and was followed by an amphibious landing on the Gallipoli peninsula in April to capture the Ottoman capital of Constantinople Istanbul. In January , after eight months' fighting, with approximately , casualties on each side, the land campaign was abandoned and the invasion force withdrawn. It was a costly defeat for the Allies and for the sponsors, especially First Lord of the Admiralty — , Winston Churchill. The campaign was considered a great Ottoman victory. In Turkey, it is regarded as a defining moment in the history of the state, a final surge in the defence of the motherland as the Ottoman Empire retreated.