1857 - The First War of Independence १८५७ चे स्वातंत्र्यसमर by V.D. SavarkarThis book is a step by step account of the uprising of the Indian masses against the ruthless British empire. Tracing the footsteps of the barefooted, undernourished and almost unarmed Indian common folks challenging the British bullets with sheer force of will power. This book became the holy book for Indian revolutionaries and so was proscribed or banned by the British government. Due to the ban the book was smuggled in India and England after it was published in Holland.
Top 4 Causes of the Revolt of 1857 In India
It is so, as the one hundred years penetration of the British East India into different parts of India through wars and diplomacy and the introduction of alien revenue, judicial social intervention methods and language of English as the medium of instruction at the school and collegiate level destabilized the existing pre-British socio-cultural fabric. Added to this destabilization, the ruination of the Indian industries, handicrafts and agriculture led to rural indebtedness and the growth of daily wage earners and de-industrialization, and the rise of a capitalist class of moneylenders, rich landlords and Zamindars as collaborators of the British rule and hegemony created strong resentment against the British. Further the latest device of the Doctrine of Lapse implemented by Dalhousie dispossessed a group of native rulers and leaders and they joined hands with the rest of the population. No single segment of population welcomed the rule of the British by The peasant and tribal revolts of which we have studied in the previous pages also clearly reveal how the British had to face the opposition of the peasants and the tribal. The expansionist and annexationist policies of the British power in India made all the Indian rulers, big and small, Hindu and Muslim look with suspicion and develop hatred towards the British power in India.
The first War of Freedom 1857 - Indian National Movement - The Sepoy Mutiny - Revolt of 1857
Indian Mutiny , also called Sepoy Mutiny or First War of Independence , widespread but unsuccessful rebellion against British rule in India in — In India it is often called the First War of Independence and other similar names. To regard the rebellion merely as a sepoy mutiny is to underestimate the root causes leading to it. British paramountcy—i. The British increasingly used a variety of tactics to usurp control of the Hindu princely states that were under what were called subsidiary alliances with the British. Everywhere the old Indian aristocracy was being replaced by British officials. One notable British technique was called the doctrine of lapse , first perpetrated by Lord Dalhousie in the late s.
The Indian Rebellion of was a major, but ultimately unsuccessful, uprising in India in —58 against the rule of the British East India Company , which functioned as a sovereign power on behalf of the British Crown. It then erupted into other mutinies and civilian rebellions chiefly in the upper Gangetic plain and central India , [a]  [b]  though incidents of revolt also occurred farther north and east. The Indian rebellion was fed by resentments born of diverse perceptions, including invasive British-style social reforms, harsh land taxes, summary treatment of some rich landowners and princes,   as well as scepticism about the improvements brought about by British rule. After the outbreak of the mutiny in Meerut, the rebels very quickly reached Delhi, whose year-old Mughal ruler, Bahadur Shah Zafar , they declared the Emperor of Hindustan. The East India Company's response came rapidly as well.