Retreat from Doomsday: The Obsolescence of Major War by John E. MuellerDespite large stockpiles of deadly arms and some significant ideological differences, the developed world has been at peace for a longer continuous period than ever before. Arguing that this state of affairs is no accident, this book offers a detailed history of public policies and attitudes to war in modern times. The author sets out to show that, in spite of two 20th-century world wars, major war as a policy option among developed nations has gradually passed out of favour. He also contends that nuclear weapons have not had an important impact on this trend, neither making a crucial contribution to nor severely threatening post-war stability. Tracing the major Cold War crises - Korea, Cuba, Vietnam - the book concludes that, despite their revolutionary and expansionist ideology, former Soviet leaders never visualized major war as a sensible tactic. Only in the Third World does war remain endemic, and even here the author is cautiously optimistic that the developed worlds aversion to war might prove infectious.
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By John Mueller.
black and white human race
Thank you! Here, Mueller Pol. Mueller isn't the first to argue such a point, but his approach is different: he contends that as war has become more brutal over the past several centuries, involving the average citizen instead of professional mercenaries, governments have come to abhor it as a way of resolving differences. Interestingly, the author suggests that the evolution of nuclear weaponry has not significantly affected this mellowing, citing the fact that not only just the nuclear powers have desisted from war since the inception of the nuclear age, but all of the world's 44 wealthiest nations. The cooling of the traditional hostility between France and Germany, as well as Japan's move away from her characteristic militarism, is offered as an example of the new awareness. The author argues that governments began placing war under attack around , when it started to be perceived as repulsive, immoral, and uncivilized--not to mention economically futile.