Alexandre Dumas (Author of The Count of Monte Cristo)
Alexandre Dumas Documentary by Megan Hodge
His works have been translated into many languages, and he is one of the most widely read French authors. His novels have been adapted since the early twentieth century for nearly films. Dumas' last novel, The Knight of Sainte-Hermine , unfinished at his death, was completed by scholar Claude Schopp and published in Prolific in several genres, Dumas began his career by writing plays, which were successfully produced from the first. He also wrote numerous magazine articles and travel books; his published works totalled , pages. Though married, in the tradition of Frenchmen of higher social class, Dumas had numerous affairs allegedly as many as forty. In his lifetime, he was known to have at least four illegitimate children, although twentieth-century scholars found that Dumas fathered three other children out of wedlock.
His grandfather was from a noble family, and his grandmother had been a Dominican slave. Dumas's father died when he was four years old, leaving the family with very little money. Dumas was not a very good student, but his handwriting was noticeably beautiful, and he studied to work as a notary a public officer who witnesses the signing of important documents and makes them official. He also began writing musical comedies and then historical plays in collaboration working together with others with a poet friend named Adolphe de Leuven. Historical subjects, as well as his ability to collaborate, were to be permanent elements of Dumas's work during his career. He read and attended the theater as much as he could during his time off.
The son of a Creole general of the French Revolutionary armies, Dumas was brought up by his mother in straitened circumstances after his father's death. While still young, he began to write "vaudeville" plays light musical comedies and then historical plays in collaboration with a friend, Adolphe de Leuven. Historical themes, as well as the use of a collaborator, were to be permanent aspects of Dumas's style throughout his career. Others followed, with Henri III et sa cour bringing him great success and recognition. It seemed to the theatergoers of Dumas's time that here at last was serious theater which presented an alternative to effete neoclassical drama. The Revolution of temporarily diverted Dumas from his writing, and he became an ardent supporter of the Marquis de Lafayette. His liberal activities were viewed unfavorably by the new king, his former employer, and he traveled for a time outside France.
Alexandre Dumas also known as Alexandre Dumas père (French for 'father'), was a French He had two older sisters, Marie-Alexandrine (born ) and Louise- Alexandrine (born , died ). Their parents were Marie-Louise.
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Without ever attaining indisputable literary merit, Dumas succeeded in gaining a great reputation first as a dramatist and then as a historical novelist, especially for such works as The Count of Monte Cristo and The Three Musketeers. His memoirs, which, with a mixture of candour, mendacity, and boastfulness, recount the events of his extraordinary life, also provide a unique insight into French literary life during the Romantic period. Though he continued to write plays, Dumas next turned his attention to the historical novel , often working with collaborators especially Auguste Maquet. Considerations of probability or historical accuracy generally were ignored, and the psychology of the characters was rudimentary. When success came, Dumas indulged his extravagant tastes and consequently was forced to write more and more rapidly in order to pay his creditors. He tried to make money by journalism and with travel books but with little success. Article Media.