Civil Rights Movement Quotes (94 quotes)
CIVIL RIGHTS MOVEMENT
The civil rights movement was an organized effort by black Americans to end racial discrimination and gain equal rights under the law. It began in the late s and ended in the late s. May 17, Brown v. Board of Education , a consolidation of five cases into one, is decided by the Supreme Court , effectively ending racial segregation in public schools. Many schools, however, remained segregated. December 1, Rosa Parks refuses to give up her seat to a white man on a Montgomery, Alabama bus.
Slavery in the USA was abolished in , but black Americans did not have equality:. There had been successful attempts to improve the status of black people before the s — for example, the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People NAACP was set up in They funded lawyers for black people who were treated very badly by the courts. Martin Luther King Jr explains the philosophy and aims of non-violent protest. The Civil Rights Movement gave black Americans legal equality:.
American civil rights movement , mass protest movement against racial segregation and discrimination in the southern United States that came to national prominence during the mids. This movement had its roots in the centuries-long efforts of African slaves and their descendants to resist racial oppression and abolish the institution of slavery. Although American slaves were emancipated as a result of the Civil War and were then granted basic civil rights through the passage of the Fourteenth and Fifteenth amendment s to the U.
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The Birth of the Civil Rights Movement
The civil rights movement also known as the American civil rights movement and other terms [b] in the United States was a decades-long struggle with the goal of enforcing constitutional and legal rights for African Americans that white Americans already enjoyed. With roots that dated back to the Reconstruction era during the late 19th century, the movement achieved its largest legislative gains in the mids, after years of direct actions and grassroots protests that were organized from the mids until Encompassing strategies, various groups, and organized social movements to accomplish the goals of ending legalized racial segregation , disenfranchisement , and discrimination in the United States , the movement, using major nonviolent campaigns, eventually secured new recognition in federal law and federal protection for all Americans. After the American Civil War and the abolition of slavery in the s, the Reconstruction Amendments to the United States Constitution granted emancipation and constitutional rights of citizenship to all African Americans, most of whom had recently been enslaved. For a period, African Americans voted and held political office, but they were increasingly deprived of civil rights , often under Jim Crow laws , and subjected to discrimination and sustained violence by whites in the South.