The Peloponnesian War by Donald KaganFor three decades in the fifth century B.C. the ancient world was torn apart by a conflict that was as dramatic, divisive, and destructive as the world wars of the twentieth century: the Peloponnesian War. Donald Kagan, one of the world’s most respected classical, political, and military historians, here presents a new account of this vicious war of Greek against Greek, Athenian against Spartan. The Peloponnesian War is a magisterial work of history written for general readers, offering a fresh examination of a pivotal moment in Western civilization. With a lively, readable narrative that conveys a richly
detailed portrait of a vanished world while honoring its timeless relevance, The Peloponnesian War is a chronicle of the rise and fall of a great empire and of a dark time whose lessons still resonate today.
What were the causes of the Peloponnesian War?
The conflict was a long drawn out war between Athens and Sparta and their respective allies. It convulsed Greece and changed the course of the Classical world. What was the cause of the Peloponnesian War? The origins of such a conflict are complex. The primary causes were that Sparta feared of the growing power and influence of the Athenian Empire.
Many excellent historians have discussed the causes of the Peloponnesian War — BCE , and many more will do so in the future. Thucydides, however, wrote the most important contemporary chronicle of the war. Fought between the allies of Sparta and the empire of Athens , the crippling Peloponnesian War paved the way for the Macedonian takeover of Greece by Philip II of Macedon and, following that, Alexander the Great 's empire. Before the Peloponnesian War, the city-states poleis of Greece had worked together to fight off the Persians. During the Peloponnesian War, they turned on each other. In the first book of his history, participant-observer and historian Thucydides recorded the causes of the Peloponnesian War:.
Post photos of historical events or narrate incidents in history. Causes of the Peloponnesian War. Ancient historian Thucydides chalked out the reasons for this war. The alarming rate at which Athens was growing created a stir in Lacedaemon. It made war inevitable. However, the causes of this war have always been a bone of contention among historians.
A form of power structure in which a small group of people hold all power and influence in a state. The Peloponnesian War ended in victory for Sparta and its allies, and led directly to the rising naval power of Sparta. However, it marked the demise of Athenian naval and political hegemony throughout the Mediterranean. The destruction from the Peloponnesian War weakened and divided the Greeks for years to come, eventually allowing the Macedonians an opportunity to conquer them in the mid-4 th century BCE. Lysander, the Spartan admiral who commanded the Spartan fleet at Aegospotami in BCE, helped to organize the Thirty Tyrants as a government for the 13 months they maintained power. The Thirty appointed a council of to serve the judicial functions that had formerly belonged to all citizens. Despite all this, not all Athenian men had their rights removed.