The History Book Club - NATIVE AMERICANS: FRENCH AND INDIAN WAR Showing 1-37 of 37
Who Fought in the French and Indian War?
Washington came away from his early ventures in the West with a conviction that the destiny of Virginia, and later of the United States itself, would be one of expansion. Washington had limited experience with Native American allies during the French and Indian War, but during his presidency declared that Native American policy was one of his top priorities. Learn more about George Washington's early military experience in this article from Mount Vernon. Though war was not formally declared until , armed conflict began in as disputes over land claims in the Ohio Valley lead to a series of frontier battles between the French and British. Both received support from various Native American tribes, though the outnumbered French became far more dependent on these allies as the war progressed. British assaults on strategic outposts such as Ticonderoga, Niagara, and Quebec in , followed by the successful siege of Montreal in September of , prompted the French surrender. The conflict and its aftermath produced substantial ideological divisions between Britain and her North American colonies that ultimately contributed to the outbreak of the American Revolution.
Details The rich lands which lay between and to the west of the French settlements of Canada and the British colonies along the East Coast of North America were inevitably destined to become a battleground between the forces of these two European rivals. France and its colonists and Indian allies fought against Britain, its colonists and Indian allies. The war began with conflicts about land. French explorers had been the first Europeans in the areas around the Great Lakes and the Ohio and Mississippi rivers. France had sent traders and trappers to these territories and had established trading centers there. Britain claimed the same land. When the king gave land in North America to someone, the land was considered to extend from the East Coast to the West Coast, even though no one knew where the west coast was.
The French and Indian War later became a global war when it spread to Europe in and nearly every European great power at the time joined in, which resulted in the Seven Years War The French and Indian War was actually the fourth of the French and Indian Wars between Great Britain and France, which were a series of conflicts in North America that took place between and and were related to European dynastic wars. The various nations who fought in the French and Indian War were:. The French and Indian War took place between The war officially came to an end with the Treaty of Paris in Check out this timeline of the French and Indian War for more information. The area had a number of valuable resources such as a vibrant fur-trading industry as well as access to the Ohio River, which was a vital transportation corridor for the region.
The French and Indian War (–) pitted the colonies of British America against those of . The French and Indian War in America, by contrast, was largely concluded in six years from the Battle of Jumonville Glen in Empires at War: The French and Indian War and the Struggle for North America,
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When Did the French and Indian War Take Place?
It determined control of the vast colonial territory of North America. The French and Indian War began over the specific issue of whether the upper Ohio River valley was a part of the British Empire , and therefore open for trade and settlement by Virginians and Pennsylvanians, or part of the French Empire. Behind this issue loomed an infinitely larger one, however: which national culture was to dominate the heart of North America. Settlers of English extraction were in a preponderance in the coveted area, but French exploration, trade, and alliances with Native Americans predominated. British territorial claims rested upon explorations of the North American continent by John Cabot in the latter part of the 15th century. In the early 17th century, an English royal charter granted land within certain limits between the Atlantic and Pacific oceans to both the Virginia Company and the Plymouth Company. In the province of Carolina was created to the south of Virginia , with a sea-to-sea grant; the Carolina charter was amended two years later, and the expanded territory would come to form the colonies of North Carolina , South Carolina , and Georgia.