The Mamluks in Egyptian Politics and Society by Thomas PhilippeFor over half a millennium the Mamluks wielded power over Egypt. During this time they formed a remarkable political, military and economic elite, ruling as sovereigns from 1250 to 1517 and, after the Ottoman conquest, regaining much of their former influence under Turkish supremacy. In this collection of essays, some of the most distinguished scholars in the field provide an accessible introduction to the structure of political power under the Mamluks and its economic foundations. The essays also offer a unique insight into the Mamluk households and their relationship with the indigenous Egyptian population.
The Ottoman - Mamluk War (1516 1517): Every Fortnight
ISBN 13: 9780521591157
The name is derived from an Arabic word for slave. Moreover, the political result was almost invariably the same: the slaves exploited the military power vested in them to seize control over the legitimate political authorities, often only briefly but sometimes for astonishingly long periods of time. The Kurdish general Saladin , who gained control of Egypt in , followed what by then constituted a tradition in Muslim military practice by including a slave corps in his army in addition to Kurdish, Arab, Turkmen, and other free elements. This practice was also followed by his successors. It is doubtful, however, that such a goal figured in their plans; rather, as rulers of Egypt they were seeking to reconstitute the Egyptian Empire. Their patronage of the rulers of the holy cities of Arabia, Mecca and Medina, served the same purpose. The increased importance assigned to ethnic affiliation was, however, only one cause of decline; equally or even more important were economic and other factors.
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Login via Institution. Editors: Michael Winter and Amalia Levanoni. This volume consists of 19 studies by leading historians of the Mamluks. Drawing on primary Arabic sources, the studies discuss central political, military, urban, social, administrative, economic, financial and religious aspects of the Mamluk Empire that was established in by Mamluks manumitted military slaves, mostly Turks and Circassians. It was a Sunni orthodox state that had a formidable military, a developed and sophisticated economy, a centralized Arab bureaucracy and prestigious religious and educational institutions. The last part of the volume describes the Mamluk military class that survived in Egypt although in a transformed form under the Ottoman suzerainty after the Empire annexed Egypt and Syria in Richards, Warren Schultz and Hannah Taragan.