The Early Chinese Empires: Qin and Han by Mark Edward Lewis
In 221 bc the First Emperor of Qin unified the lands that would become the heart of a Chinese empire. Though forged by conquest, this vast domain depended for its political survival on a fundamental reshaping of Chinese culture. With this informative book, we are present at the creation of an ancient imperial order whose major features would endure for two millennia.
The Qin and Han constitute the classical period of Chinese history--a role played by the Greeks and Romans in the West. Mark Edward Lewis highlights the key challenges faced by the court officials and scholars who set about governing an empire of such scale and diversity of peoples. He traces the drastic measures taken to transcend, without eliminating, these regional differences: the invention of the emperor as the divine embodiment of the state; the establishment of a common script for communication and a state-sponsored canon for the propagation of Confucian ideals; the flourishing of the great families, whose domination of local society rested on wealth, landholding, and elaborate kinship structures; the demilitarization of the interior; and the impact of non-Chinese warrior-nomads in setting the boundaries of an emerging Chinese identity.
The first of a six-volume series on the history of imperial China, The Early Chinese Empires illuminates many formative events in Chinas long history of imperialism--events whose residual influence can still be discerned today.(20070401)
Qin Shihuang, the king of the Qin state at the time, conquered the many feudal territories vying for influence during the bloody Warring States period. He then united them all under one rule, thus putting an end to the notoriously violent chapter in Chinese history that lasted for years. Qin Shihuang was only 38 years old when he came into power. While his dynasty only lasted 15 years, the shortest dynastic rule in Chinese history, the impact of the Qin Emperor on China cannot be understated. Although highly controversial, Qin Dynasty policies were very influential in uniting China and maintaining power.
In terms of power and prestige, the Han Dynasty in the East rivalled its almost contemporary Roman Empire in the West. With only minor interruptions it lasted a span of over four centuries and was considered a golden age in Chinese history especially in arts, politics and technology. All subsequent Chinese dynasties looked back to the Han period as an inspiring model of a united empire and self-perpetuating government. During the previous dynasty, the Qin, Liu Bang had been a minor official. The Qin dynasty BCE was very short and cruel; by the time it collapsed, Liu Bang had raised an army and claimed the vacant throne.
During the Han dynasty BC - 9 AD , which is known as the Golden Age of China, the emperor and the bureaucracy worked together to expand the artistic and religious culture of China. Mandate of Heaven: The belief, dating from ancient China, that heaven gives a ruler the right to rule fairly. Complex agricultural society with a bureaucracy and defined social classes. A dynasty is a family in power that passes on control of the country from one generation to the next. The most significant achievement of the Zhou Dynasty was the development of the Chinese philosophies, including Confucianism, Daoism, and Legalism.
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Capital of Qin Dynasty
Qin and Han Dynasties
BCE - CE 7th c. And if you find inaccuracies, bugs, or other relevant websites, please let me know: cagatucci cocc. The disciplined, ambitious Qin military, with more iron weapons than their enemies and a strong, ruthless leader, finally re-unified China. Shih Huangdi unified China, ruled by centralized bureaucracy , and demanded Legalist philosophy that served a strong centralized state and his dream of absolute control. The Qin Emperor also improved communications and public works, and instituted a unified currency.
Spanning over four centuries, the Han period is considered a golden age in Chinese history. The emperor was at the pinnacle of Han society. He presided over the Han government but shared power with both the nobility and appointed ministers who came largely from the scholarly gentry class. The Han Empire was divided into areas directly controlled by the central government using an innovation inherited from the Qin known as commanderies , and a number of semi-autonomous kingdoms. These kingdoms gradually lost all vestiges of their independence, particularly following the Rebellion of the Seven States. From the reign of Emperor Wu r. This policy endured until the fall of the Qing dynasty in AD.