Character profile for Arachne (mythology) from Mythos: The Greek Myths Retold (page 1)
Athena and Poseidon - Greek Mythology Stories - Ancient Greek Gods and Goddesses
The Dispute Between Neptune and Athena
There once came a time in Ancient Greece when the first king of Athens, Cecrops, who was half person and half snake, had to find a patron deity for the city state of Athens. The two Olympian gods who were particularly interested in the patronage were Poseidon , the god of the Seas and Athena , the goddess of Wisdom and Skill. They presented themselves in front of Cecrops and Cecrops asked from them to offer a gift truly valuable for Athens. Poseidon came first: he struck the earth powerfully and created a well with his trident. Immediately, streaming water shot forth, but the water turned out to be salty and not very useful for the population. Next, it was the turn of goddess Athena.
The Contest Between Athena and Poseidon for the Possession of Athens, s. Cesare Nebbia Italian. As Rhoda Eitel-Porter and Alberto Satoli pointed out.
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Written by GreekBoston. At the time, however, the city was already thriving — but the ruler thought that a patron or patroness was just what the city needed to make it thrive even more. According to legend, he instituted marriage, taught the people how to read and write, and instituted te practice of ceremonial burial. Upon learning that the rising city needed a patron deity, both Poseidon and Athena immediately made their intentions known — they both wanted a shot at becoming the patron. What ensued was a rivalry between them that was so intense, they caused considerable destruction and nearly went to war for the honor. However, just as they were about to attack each other, Athena had an idea for a different approach. Athena is considered to be both the goddess of war and of wisdom.
Cesare Nebbia Italian. The drawing is the principal documentary means of reconstructing the lost portions of the frescoed composition. Airy and full of light, this carefully drawn composition portrays a subject based on Ovid's Metamorphoses A council of the Classical gods presided by Zeus and Hera at center , seated in the heavens and identifiable through their attributes, witness below the monumental scene of the nude, muscular sea-god Poseidon at left , who has vigorously struck the ground with his trident, causing a horse to spring up, seen here rearing from an enormous rock at center. On the right, the mighty, armor-clad goddess Athena, who in her guise of "Athena Parthenos" holds her characteristic shield with Medusa's head, has touched the ground with her long lance, causing an olive tree to sprout. The olive tree symbolizes peace and victory which prompts the council of the gods to award her the ownership of the regions of Attica and its capital, Athens. Rather unusually here, the artist envisioned the Classical myth in terms of his own experience, portraying the city of Athens in the distant background, as if it were one of the fortified medieval hill towns of his native region of Umbria, perhaps Orvieto where he was born and died.