The Growth Hypothesis In Psychology: The Humanistic Psychology Of Abraham Maslow And Carl Rogers by Roy José DecarvalhoThis study examines the humanistic psychologies of Abraham Maslow and Carl Rogers in mid-20th-century Western psychology. It also discusses the intellectual links between the common features of their psychological systems - the growth hypothesis and the holistic understanding of human nature which they inherited from Kurt Goldstein, and their views on ethics, education and the problem of method in the human sciences. The book argues that Maslow and Rogers established themselves at the forefront of those psychologists who rejected behaviourism and psychoanalysis, and so laid the groundwork for a humanistic alternative in American psychology.
Abraham Maslow, Rollo May, Carl Rogers - Existential Psychology II (1962)
Examining Abraham Maslow and Carl Rogers Theories
Worried about plagiarism? Read this. Help Login Sign Up. Maslow and Rogers come from a school of thought, which is referred to as Humanistic. Such an approach steers away from the idea that man is a robot, who is the total product of outside forces, as the Behaviorist would maintain; or that man simply results from the interaction of primal drives and the demands of community - a belief held by many Freudians.
By Saul McLeod , updated Carl Rogers was a humanistic psychologist who agreed with the main assumptions of Abraham Maslow , but added that for a person to "grow", they need an environment that provides them with genuineness openness and self-disclosure , acceptance being seen with unconditional positive regard , and empathy being listened to and understood. Without these, relationships and healthy personalities will not develop as they should, much like a tree will not grow without sunlight and water. Rogers believed that every person could achieve their goals, wishes, and desires in life. When, or rather if they did so, self actualization took place. This was one of Carl Rogers most important contributions to psychology, and for a person to reach their potential a number of factors must be satisfied. Rogers rejected the deterministic nature of both psychoanalysis and behaviorism and maintained that we behave as we do because of the way we perceive our situation.
Saul McLeod , updated Humanistic, humanism and humanist are terms in psychology relating to an approach which studies the whole person, and the uniqueness of each individual. Essentially, these terms refer the same approach in psychology. The humanistic approach in psychology developed as a rebellion against what some psychologists saw as the limitations of the behaviorist and psychodynamic psychology. Humanism rejected the assumptions of the behaviorist perspective which is characterized as deterministic, focused on reinforcement of stimulus-response behavior and heavily dependent on animal research.
Two of the leading humanistic theorists who made advancements in the field of personality psychology were Abraham Maslow and Carl Rogers. As a leader of humanistic psychology, Abraham Maslow approached the study of personality psychology by focusing on subjective experiences and free will.
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During the early 20th century, American psychology was dominated by behaviourism and psychoanalysis. However, some psychologists were uncomfortable with what they viewed as limited perspectives being so influential to the field. They objected to the pessimism and determinism of Freud who believed that all actions are driven by the unconscious. They also disliked the reductionism, or simplifying nature, of behaviourism. Behaviourism is also deterministic at its core, because it sees human behaviour as entirely determined by a combination of genetics and environment. Thus, humanism emerged.