Sociological paradigms and organizational analysis

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sociological paradigms and organizational analysis

Sociological Paradigms and Organisational Analysis: Elements of the Sociology of Corporate Life by Gibson Burrell

The authors argue in this book that social theory can usefully be conceived in terms of four broad paradigms, based upon different sets of meta-theoretical assumptions with regard to the nature of social science and the nature of society. The four paradigms - Functionalist, Interpretive, Radical Humanist and Radical Structuralist - derive from quite distinct intellectual traditions, and present four mutually exclusive views of the social work. Each stands in its own right, and generates its own distinctive approach to the analysis of social life. The authors provide extensive reviews of the four paradigms, tracing the evolution and inter-relationships between the various sociological schools of thought within each. They then proceed to relate theories of organisation to this wider background. This book covers a great range of intellectual territory. It makes a number of important contributions to our understanding of sociology and organisational analysis, and will prove an invaluable guide to theorists, researchers and students in a variety of social science disciplines. It stands as a discourse in social theory, drawing upon the general area of organisation studies - industrial sociology, organisation theory, organisational psychology, and industrial relations - as a means of illustrating more general sociological themes. In addition to reviewing and evaluating existing work, it provides a framework for appraising future developments in the area of organisational analysis, and suggests the form which some of these developments are likely to take.
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Gibson Burrell

Sociological Paradigms and Organisational Analysis: Elements of the Sociology of Corporate Life

In Jonathan Haidt framed the tensions in academia as representing a conflict between two incompatible sacred values , truth and social justice. He proposed that it would be better to have an explicit schism, with each institution openly choosing its side, as Brown University for social justice and the University of Chicago for truth have done. The conflict is not confined to academia. All agreed that the tensions in higher education reflect polarization in society at large. Even more peculiar is the placing of truth and social justice in opposition to each other, since those two ideals were originally at home in separate conversations. The concept of truth belongs to age-old debates about knowledge and what criteria justify belief. The notion of social justice arose out of concerns about ethics and the nature of society.

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The authors argue in this book that social theory can usefully be conceived in terms of four broad paradigms, based upon different sets of meta-theoretical assumptions with regard to the nature of social science and the nature of society. The four paradigms - Functionalist, Interpretive, Radical Humanist and Radical Structuralist - derive from quite distinct intellectual traditions, and present four mutually exclusive views of the social work., The authors provide a schema for classifying the philosophical assumptions underlying various social theories which play an important role in organizational analysis.

Burrell, G. Sociological Paradigms and Organizational Analysis, Heinemann, , In this introduction the authors develop a 2x2 matrix scheme to help classify and understand existing sociological theories based on four major paradigms. The authors coalesce these debates into two fundamental issues that form the axes of the 2x2 matrix:. This has been the primary paradigm for organizational study. It assumes rational human action and believes one can understand organizational behavior through hypothesis testing.

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