The Sharecroppers by Denisa Nickell HananiaFor those whose roots grow deep in cotton soil, a legacy calls you back. The dirt whispers a name, echoing from a time when all that existed in the world happened right outside your door. Many a boy and girl have moved on from the small farm towns that nurtured them. Others, like old Mis Hartmann, have lived over ninety years in the same county. Her years are distinguished by the size of the crop, the cost of cotton seed, and the number of levy breaks along the Mississippi. Marina Hartmann, has been seasoned like the hardwood forests of Big Lake.
Lest We Forget: The Lost Story of Southern Sharecroppers
Sharecropping was a system of agriculture instituted in the American South during the period of Reconstruction after the Civil War. It essentially replaced the plantation system which had relied on slave labor and effectively created a new system of bondage. Under the system of sharecropping, a poor farmer who did not own land would work a plot belonging to a landowner. The farmer would receive a share of the harvest as payment. So while the former slave was technically free, he would still find himself bound to the land, which was often the very same land he had farmed while enslaved.
After the Civil War, former slaves sought jobs, and planters sought laborers.
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Sharecropping is a form of agriculture in which a landowner allows a tenant to use the land in return for a share of the crops produced on their portion of land. Sharecropping has a long history and there are a wide range of different situations and types of agreements that have used a form of the system. Some are governed by tradition, and others by law. Sharecropping has benefits and costs for both the owners and the tenant. Everyone encourages the cropper to remain on the land, solving the harvest rush problem [ clarification needed ].
Contact Us Press Room. Sod House of a sharecropper Tenant farmer's house in eastern Oklahoma Keywords Oklahoma farming history agriculture tenant tenancy sharecropping Civil War Reconstruction freedmen mechanization World War II Okie migration Southern crop system land ownership. When the Civil War ended, the big question concerned the state of the freed slaves of the South. Recovery of the southern economy depended on getting the freedmen back into the cotton fields. During the period of Reconstruction the Radical Republicans in Congress tried to convert the freedmen into small free-holding farmers, but the former slaves were simply not ready to manage their own farms.
There is perhaps no one person more singularly identified with the University of Georgia UGA than Vince Dooley, the architect of the athletic. As one of a handful of black lawyers practicing civil rights law in the s and s, Donald Hollowell was instrumental in the m. The Atlanta College of Art ACA , founded in , was a four-year accredited private art college in the city until , when it was absorbed by the. Skip to main content. Sharecropping Original entry by. James C. Giesen , Mississippi State University,.