Louis Pasteur (Author of Germ Theory and Its Applications to Medicine and on the Antiseptic Principle of the Practice of Surgery)Louis Pasteur was a French chemist and microbiologist born in Dole. He is remembered for his remarkable breakthroughs in the causes and preventions of disease. His discoveries reduced mortality from puerperal fever, and he created the first vaccine for rabies. His experiments supported the germ theory of disease. He was best known to the general public for inventing a method to stop milk and wine from causing sickness, a process that came to be called pasteurization. He is regarded as one of the three main founders of microbiology, together with Ferdinand Cohn and Robert Koch. Pasteur also made many discoveries in the field of chemistry, most notably the molecular basis for the asymmetry of certain crystals. His body lies beneath the Institute Pasteur in Paris in a spectacular vault covered in depictions of his accomplishments in Byzantine mosaics.
Germ theory of disease
Site display: Normal Text Only. My Collection About Us Teachers. Add image to my collection. The German doctor Robert Koch is considered the founder of modern bacteriology. He extracted this bacterium from a sheep which had died of anthrax, grew it and injected a mouse with it. The mouse developed the disease as well.
NCBI Bookshelf. Science, Medicine, and Animals. We have also forgotten how rare it was for parents to see all of their children survive to adulthood. Still, it has been little more than a century and a half since Robert Koch made the discoveries that led Louis Pasteur to describe how small organisms called germs could invade the body and cause disease. In the final decades of the 19th century, Koch conclusively established that a particular germ could cause a specific disease.
The germ theory of disease is the currently accepted scientific theory for many diseases. A transitional period began in the late s with the work of Louis Pasteur. This work was later extended by Robert Koch in the s. Viruses were .
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Attempts to prevent illness and disease
Site display: Normal Text Only. My Collection About Us Teachers. Add image to my collection. The theory was developed and gained gradual acceptance in Europe and the United States from the middle s. It remains a guiding theory that underlies contemporary biomedicine.