Jean Piaget (Author of The Psychology of Intelligence)
Jean Piaget Biography (1896-1980)
This is a beta version of NNDB. Like Sigmund Freud and Erik Erikson , Piaget divided cognitive growth and development into fixed stages. But Piaget's particular focus was on the intellectual or cognitive development of children and on the way in which their mind's processed and progressed in knowledge. Piaget's central thesis was that children 1 develop self-centric theories about their environment, and about objects or persons in that environment, and they grow; and 2 that children base these theories on their own personal experiences interacting with persons and objects in their environment; 3 that the child used "schemas" to master and gain information about the environment; and 4 that the sophistication of a child's cognitive structures increased as the child grew and developed, as did the child's "schemas". Schemas, which are the child's tool bag of actions and responses to make things happen, start with rudimentary interactions such as grabbing and mouthing objects and eventually progress to highly sophisticated skills such as scientific observation. Piaget divided the child's path of development into four stages which began with birth and culminated in the teen years.
Learn more about scholar Jean Piaget's four stages of childhood Place of Birth: Neuchâtel, Switzerland Biologist and psychologist Jean Piaget was born on August 9, , in Neuchâtel, Switzerland. Death and Legacy.
you re your own worst critic
Jean Piaget was a Swiss psychologist and genetic epistemologist. He is most famously known for his theory of cognitive development that looked at how children develop intellectually throughout the course of childhood. Prior to Piaget's theory, children were often thought of simply as mini-adults. Instead, Piaget suggested that the way children think is fundamentally different from the way that adults think. His theory had a tremendous influence on the emergence of developmental psychology as a distinctive subfield within psychology and contributed greatly to the field of education. He is also credited as a pioneer of the constructivist theory, which suggests that people actively construct their knowledge of the world based on the interactions between their ideas and their experiences.
Over the course of his later career in child psychology, he identified four stages of mental development that chronicled young people's journeys from basic object identification to highly abstract thought. The recipient of an array of honors, Piaget died on September 16, , in Geneva, Switzerland. Yet his father, a medieval literature professor named Arthur, modeled a passionate dedication to his studies—a trait that Piaget began to emulate from an early age. By the time he was a teen, his papers on mollusks were being widely published. Over the course of the next year, he studied abnormal psychology at the Sorbonne in Paris. For Piaget it raised new questions about the way that children learn.
Jean Piaget, the Swiss psychologist whose study of child development has often been compared to Freud's work in its vast influence on the science of human intelligence, died in Geneva today. He was 84 years old. Piaget was hospitalized 10 days ago at Geneva Cantonal Hospital. He is survived by three children. The cause of death was not disclosed. The question to which Jean Piaget addressed himself was deceptively obvious and simple: How does a child learn?