The Psychology of the Child by Jean PiagetThe definite account of psychologist Jean Piagets work
Jean Piagets influence on psychology has been profound. His pathbreaking investigations and theories of cognitive development have set child psychology moving in entirely new directions. His bold speculations have provided the inspiration for the work of others. His studies have been the subject of many books and countless articles. And, significantly, his influence has spread to other disciplines and is having an ever-growing impact on the general culture at large.
Here Jean Piaget, with the assistance of his long-time collaborator Bärbel Inhelder, offers a definitive presentation of the developmental psychology he has elaborated over the last forty years. This comprehensive synthesis traces each stage of the childs cognitive development, over the entire period of childhood, from infancy to adolescence.
Jean Piaget Biography (1896-1980)
Over the course of his later career in child psychology, he identified four stages of mental development that chronicled young people's journeys from basic object identification to highly abstract thought. The recipient of an array of honors, Piaget died on September 16, , in Geneva, Switzerland. Yet his father, a medieval literature professor named Arthur, modeled a passionate dedication to his studies—a trait that Piaget began to emulate from an early age. By the time he was a teen, his papers on mollusks were being widely published. Over the course of the next year, he studied abnormal psychology at the Sorbonne in Paris.
The Swiss psychologist and educator Jean Piaget is famous for his learning theories based on different stages in the development of children's intelligence. Much of Piaget's childhood was influenced by what he saw in his father, a man intensely dedicated to his studies and work. Because of this, at an early age Piaget began passing up recreation for studying, particularly the study of the natural sciences. When he was eleven, his notes on a rare part-albino having extremely pale or light skin sparrow were published, the first of hundreds of articles and over fifty books. Several times, when submitting his works to be published in various magazines, Piaget was forced to keep his young age a secret.
Text and images provided courtesy of the Archives Jean Piaget. His interest for mollusks was developed during his late adolescence to the point that he became a well-known malacologist by finishing school.
He is thought by many to have been the major figure in 20th-century developmental psychology. He held professorships at the University of Lausanne —51 and the Sorbonne — Soon afterward, however, he became interested in psychology, combining his biological training with his interest in epistemology. In Paris Piaget devised and administered reading tests to schoolchildren and became interested in the types of errors they made, leading him to explore the reasoning process in these young children. By he had begun to publish his findings; the same year brought him back to Switzerland , where he was appointed director of the Institut J. Rousseau in Geneva. In he established the International Centre of Genetic Epistemology at Geneva and became its director.
Jean Piaget was a Swiss psychologist and genetic epistemologist. He is most famously known for his theory of cognitive development that looked at how children develop intellectually throughout the course of childhood. Prior to Piaget's theory, children were often thought of simply as mini-adults. Instead, Piaget suggested that the way children think is fundamentally different from the way that adults think. His theory had a tremendous influence on the emergence of developmental psychology as a distinctive subfield within psychology and contributed greatly to the field of education. He is also credited as a pioneer of the constructivist theory, which suggests that people actively construct their knowledge of the world based on the interactions between their ideas and their experiences. Piaget was ranked as the second most influential psychologist of the twentieth century in one survey.
This is a beta version of NNDB. Like Sigmund Freud and Erik Erikson , Piaget divided cognitive growth and development into fixed stages. But Piaget's particular focus was on the intellectual or cognitive development of children and on the way in which their mind's processed and progressed in knowledge. Piaget's central thesis was that children 1 develop self-centric theories about their environment, and about objects or persons in that environment, and they grow; and 2 that children base these theories on their own personal experiences interacting with persons and objects in their environment; 3 that the child used "schemas" to master and gain information about the environment; and 4 that the sophistication of a child's cognitive structures increased as the child grew and developed, as did the child's "schemas". Schemas, which are the child's tool bag of actions and responses to make things happen, start with rudimentary interactions such as grabbing and mouthing objects and eventually progress to highly sophisticated skills such as scientific observation. Piaget divided the child's path of development into four stages which began with birth and culminated in the teen years. These stages are: Sensorimotor stage yrs , Preoperational stage yrs , Concrete operations yrs , and Formal operations from and up.