Early Carolingian Warfare: Prelude to Empire by Bernard S. BachrachWithout the complex military machine that his forebears had built up over the course of the eighth century, it would have been impossible for Charlemagne to revive the Roman empire in the West. Early Carolingian Warfare is the first book-length study of how the Frankish dynasty, beginning with Pippin II, established its power and cultivated its military expertise in order to reestablish the regnum Francorum, a geographical area of the late Roman period that includes much of present-day France and western Germany. Bernard Bachrach has thoroughly examined contemporary sources, including court chronicles, military handbooks, and late Roman histories and manuals, to establish how the early Carolingians used their legacy of political and military techniques and strategies forged in imperial Rome to regain control in the West.
Pippin II and his successors were not diverted by opportunities for financial enrichment in the short term through raids and campaigns outside of the regnum Francorum; they focused on conquest with sagacious sensibilities, preferring bloodless diplomatic solutions to unnecessarily destructive warfare, and disdained military glory for its own sake. But when they had to deploy their military forces, their operations were brutal and efficient. Their training was exceptionally well developed, and their techniques included hand-to-hand combat, regimented troop movements, fighting on horseback with specialized mounted soldiers, and the execution of lengthy sieges employing artillery. In order to sustain their long-term strategy, the early Carolingians relied on a late Roman model whereby soldiers were recruited from among the militarized population who were required by law to serve outside their immediate communities. The ability to mass and train large armies from among farmers and urban-dwellers gave the Carolingians the necessary power to lay siege to the old Roman fortress cities that dominated the military topography of the West.
Bachrach includes fresh accounts of Charles Martels defeat of the Muslims at Poitiers in 732, and Pippins successful siege of Bourges in 762, demonstrating that in the matter of warfare there never was a western European Dark Age that ultimately was enlightened by some later Renaissance. The early Carolingians built upon surviving military institutions, adopted late antique technology, and effectively utilized their classical intellectual inheritance to prepare the way militarily for Charlemagnes empire.
Anton LaVey on The Joe Pyne Show
Church of Satan clarifies if Marilyn Manson was ordained priest
He is the author of The Satanic Bible and the founder of LaVeyan Satanism, a synthesized system of his understanding of human nature and the insights of philosophers who advocated materialism and individualism, for which he claimed no "supernatural inspiration". LaVey viewed "Satan" not as a literal deity or entity, but as a historic and literary figure symbolic of Earthly values. His family soon relocated to California where he spent most of his early life in the San Francisco Bay Area and later in Globe, Arizona. According to his biography, his ancestry can be traced to French, Alsatian, German, Russian, and Romanian stock. His parents supported the development of his musical abilities as he tried his hand at various instruments, his favorite being keyboards like the pipe organ and the calliope.
First of all, it should be understood that Anton LaVey pictured above , the founder of the Church of Satan, viewed Satan as a true entity that he actually worshipped before his death. Anton LaVey deceived a lot of people who joined the Church of Satan by claiming that Satan only represented the repressed forces of nature but was not a real entity. Susan Atkins shared with me that LaVey had told her emphatically while she was in his home that they truly worshipped Satan as a real entity and as the one who began the initial rebellion against God. Atkins also stated:. Susan Atkins. We have pictures of Atkins with LaVey in his ritual chamber when she associated with the Church of Satan.
His sayings have gotten kids kicked out of school and his antics earned him the ire of people who wrongly blamed him for the Columbine shooting, prompting him to pen an insightful essay for Rolling Stone about personal responsibility. But despite the controversies, Manson has never backed down. Shock Tactic: In his autobiography, Manson remembers an early concert where he had a pregnant-looking actress iron the wrinkles out of a Nazi flag onstage. Consequences: Trent Reznor eventually signed him and released his debut, Portrait of an American Family , in July Shock Tactic: Vice police arrested Manson at a Jacksonville, Florida concert for "jacking off with a strap-on dildo.
In , Peter H. The church does not believe in the Devil, neither a Christian nor Islamic notion of Satan. Gilmore describes its members as " skeptical atheists ", embracing the Hebrew root of the word " Satan " as "adversary".
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