The Galveston Hurricane of 1900: The Deadliest Natural Disaster in American History by Charles River Editors*Includes pictures
*Includes survivors accounts of the hurricane
*Includes a bibliography for further reading
*Includes a table of contents
“First news from Galveston just received by train which could get no closer to the bay shore than six miles where the prairie was strewn with debris and dead bodies. About 200 corpses counted from the train. Large steamship stranded two miles inland. Nothing could be seen of Galveston. Loss of life and property undoubtedly most appalling. Weather clear and bright here with gentle southeast wind.” – G.L. Vaughan, Manager of Western Union in Houston, in a telegram to the Chief of the U.S. Weather Bureau on the day after the hurricane.
In 2005, the world watched in horror as Hurricane Katrina decimated New Orleans, and the calamity seemed all the worse because many felt that technology had advanced far enough to prevent such tragedies, whether through advanced warning or engineering. At the same time, that tends to overlook all of the dangers posed by hurricanes and other phenomena that produce natural disasters. After all, storms and hurricanes have been wiping out coastal communities ever since the first humans built them.
As bad as Hurricane Katrina was, the hurricane that struck Galveston, Texas on September 8, 1900 killed several times more people, with an estimated death toll between 6,000-12,000 people. Prior to advanced communications, few people knew about impending hurricanes except those closest to the site, and in the days before television, or even radio, catastrophic descriptions were merely recorded on paper, limiting an understanding of the immediate impact. Stories could be published after the water receded and the dead were buried, but by then, the immediate shock had worn off and all that remained were the memories of the survivors. Thus, it was inevitable that the Category 4 hurricane wrought almost inconceivable destruction as it made landfall in Texas with winds at 145 miles per hour.
It was only well into the 20th century that meteorologists began to name storms as a way of distinguishing which storm out of several they were referencing, and it seems somewhat fitting that the hurricane that traumatized Galveston was nameless. Due to the lack of technology and warning, many of the people it killed were never identified, and the nameless corpses were eventually burned in piles of bodies that could not be interred due to the soggy soil. Others were simply buried at sea. The second deadliest hurricane in American history claimed 2,500 lives, so it’s altogether possible that the Galveston hurricane killed over 4 times more than the next deadliest in the U.S. To this day, it remains the country’s deadliest natural disaster.
The Galveston Hurricane of 1900 chronicles the story of the deadliest hurricane in American history. Along with pictures of important people, places, and events, you will learn about the Galveston Hurricane like never before, in no time at all.
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1900 Galveston hurricane
For many, no words could ever be spoken again about the deadly hurricane that reshaped the Gulf Coast forever. Rebuilding was 'Galveston's finest hour' The story of the Storm is one about the fate of people at the hands of nature, but it's also one about people altering their own fates by changing the face of nature. Orphanage tragedy remembered More than 6, men, women and children lost their lives during the Great Storm. Among the dead were 10 sisters and 90 children from the St. Mary's Orphans Asylum. Survivors tell their own tales From Galveston's Rosenberg Library, Shelly Henley Kelly and Casey Edward Greene offer this collection of written and oral accounts by survivors immediately following the Storm. Clara Barton and the Red Cross The story of Clara Barton and the Red Cross, which established an orphanage for storm victims and helped acquire lumber to rebuild houses.
On Sept. It remains the deadliest natural disaster in U. The storm derailed the future of the port town. A city that was once called a great candidate to become "The New York of the South" lay in ruins. Since the town was founded in it suffered various storms but never again like what happened in The hurricane came at a time before tropical storms were given names.
The Great Galveston hurricane ,  known regionally as the Great Storm of ,   was the deadliest natural disaster in United States history, one of the deadliest hurricanes or remnants to affect Canada , and the fourth-deadliest Atlantic hurricane overall. The disaster ended the Golden Era of Galveston, as the hurricane alarmed potential investors, who turned to Houston instead. It weakened slightly while crossing Hispaniola , before re-emerging into the Caribbean Sea later that day. Early on the next day, it made landfall to the south of Houston , Texas. The great storm brought flooding and severe thunderstorms to portions of the Caribbean, especially Cuba and Jamaica. It is likely that much of South Florida experienced tropical storm-force winds, though mostly minor damage occurred. Hurricane-force winds and storm surge inundated portions of southern Louisiana , though the cyclone left no significant structural damage or fatalities in the state.
The deadliest natural disaster in American history remains the hurricane in the island city of Galveston, Texas. On September 8, a category four hurricane descended on the town, destroying more than 3, buildings with winds surpassing miles per hour. Estimates of the death toll range from 6, to 12,, according to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Association. Aftermath of Galveston, Texas hurricane of Credit: Library of Congress. The Weather Bureau in Washington, however, predicted that the storm would pass over Florida and up to New England —which was very, very wrong.
As heavy rain and flooding continues, the question of that recovery looms large — but this is not the first time that parts of Texas have faced such a question. That seawall is a measure of protection that the city has had for more than a century, and for good reason. On Sep. That storm is still considered the deadliest hurricane in U. Now, as Texas confronts another tragic natural disaster, the lessons of that time have once again come into play. Rebuilding Galveston was a matter of human will, high costs, engineering feats and more. Where 20, people lived on the 8th not a house remained on the 9th, and who occupied the houses may, in many instances, never be known.
On September 8, , the coastal city of Galveston, Texas, was hit by a hurricane like none that the United States had ever experienced before. Winds of miles per hour slammed the city with flying debris that cut through homes like shrapnel. Waves crashed onto the streets, leaving the city 15 feet underwater at one point. And, worst of all, virtually nobody had the foresight to evacuate. Galvestonians had experienced ocean floodwaters from storms before, but they hadn't ever done much more than board up windows and build beach houses up off the ground as prevention. This lack of preparation would cost them dearly.