The Black Death by Philip ZieglerPhilip Ziegler follows the course of the black plague as it swept from Asia into Italy and then into the rest of Europe.
When first published in 1969, this study was described by the Guardian as …as exciting and readable an account as you could wish. This new edition of the major study on the subject is illustrated by over seventy contemporary black and white illustrations and eight pages of color.
A series of natural disasters in the furthest reaches of the Orient during the third of the fourteenth century heralded what was, for the population of Europe, the most devastating period of death and destruction in its history. By the autumn of 1347 the Black Death had reached the shores of the eastern Mediterranean, and the years that followed were to witness a horrifying and apparently relentless epidemic.
One third of Englands population died between the years 1347 and 1350, and over one thousand villages were deserted, never to be repopulated. In towns and cities the cemeteries were unable to provide space for all the dead, and violence and crime spiraled. Travel became dangerous and interruption of food and other supplies across the country added hunger and deprivation to the problems of people already overwhelmed by the threat of the vilest of deaths.
In the countryside the population was halved in places, and as land became plentiful, landowners profits fell and the government tried in vain to fix labourers wages and prices, peasant unrest accelerated and the manorial system disintegrated, culminating eventually in the Peasants Revolt of 1381.
Throughout Europe whole societies were disrupted; racial tensions built as a direct result of the plague, and persecution of Jews began in earnest throughout the continent. The social and economic consequences of the period were to reach far into the following century.
Black Death - Summary
All rights reserved. Plague is one of the deadliest diseases in human history, second only to smallpox. A bacterial infection found mainly in rodents and associated fleas, plague readily leaps to humans in close contact. For hundreds of years, what caused plague outbreaks remained mysterious, and shrouded in superstitions. But keen observations and advances in microscopes eventually helped unveil the true culprit. In , Alexandre Yersin discovered the bacterium responsible for causing plague: Yersinia pestis.
Black Death , pandemic that ravaged Europe between and , taking a proportionately greater toll of life than any other known epidemic or war up to that time. The Black Death is believed to have been the result of plague , an infectious fever caused by the bacterium Yersinia pestis. The disease was likely transmitted from rodents to humans by the bite of infected fleas. Yersinia causes three types of plague in humans: bubonic , pneumonic, and septicemic. Although there is DNA evidence that Yersinia was present in victims of the Black Death, it is uncertain which form the majority of the infection took.
The Black Death of October to c was one of the worst catastrophes in recorded history — a deadly bubonic plague that ravaged communities across Europe, changing forever their social and economic fabric. But how much do you know about the Black Death? How many died? Did the epidemic really eradicate a third of Europe's population? And did it afflict every town and village? Here, writing for History Extra , medieval historian Samuel Cohn shares ten things you might not know about the Black Death and separates fact from fiction….
The Black Death was one of the most feared diseases in the 14th century. It was a type of plague that was spread via the bite of infected rat fleas. The name.
side of house faces street
It is , and Europe is overwhelmed by a pestilence that had already laid waste to Asia. Towns are especially hard hit. In London, where people live in side-by-side houses and rats flourish in street-tossed garbage, the plague becomes an epidemic at lightening speeds. Even people in the countryside are not spared. Hundreds of years would pass before Europe recovers from its total population loss. Take a virtual trip to medieval Europe to discover how people live and how they cope with the unimaginable tragedy of the Black Death. Learn what it is, and how it spreads among fourteenth-century people.
Miniature out of the Toggenburg Bible Switzerland of The disease is widely believed to be the plague, although the location of bumps and blisters is more consistent with smallpox. Ole J. T he disastrous mortal disease known as the Black Death spread across Europe in the years Chronicles and letters from the time describe the terror wrought by the illness. All the citizens did little else except to carry dead bodies to be buried [ In the morning when a large number of bodies were found in the pit, they took some earth and shovelled it down on top of them; and later others were placed on top of them and then another layer of earth, just as one makes lasagne with layers of pasta and cheese.