James Croll (Author of Climate and Time in Their Geological Relations)
Climate and Time in Their Geological Relations : A Theory of Secular Changes of the Earth's Climate
Follow transcelticism. These days there is much concentration on the issue of climate change. The main debate now is focused on the issue of Global Warming and the current warming of the Earth's climate being due to human activities. Although even the theory of natural climate change has not always been accepted. It was only in the 19th century that the idea gained credibility, when a Scottish scientist developed a revolutionary theory of climate change based on the orbit of the Earth. This expanded on the work undertaken by Swiss geologist and biologist Louis Agassiz May 28, — December 14, His studies on glaciers resulted in on his proposal that the Earth had been subjected to a past ice age.
James Croll () was a Scottish scientist who developed an of eleven years, and were published in in one volume entitled “Climate and Time.
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James Croll was a Scottish scientist who developed an astronomical theory of climate change 60 years before Milutin Milankovitch published a very similar theory. James Croll was one of the early members of the Glasgow Geological Society, who ultimately achieved a wide reputation in virtue of his researches on the probable cause of climatic change. Born in at St. It gave him leisure to pursue those studies on electricity, heat, and the physical causes of climatic change, which formed the subjects of his earlier papers. It brought him into contact with the founders of the Glasgow Geological Society, with whose aims he strongly sympathised. He took special interest in all questions connected with the glaciation of the country, for he realised that the iceberg theory was doomed, and that nearly twenty years had been lost by geologists, owing to their refusal to adopt the suggestions of Agassiz regarding the former extension of land ice in Scotland. Accepting the land ice origin of boulder clay and moraines, Croll proceeded to deal with the question of the probable causes of climatic change.