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The First Amendment - Freedoms of Petition and Assembly
Freedom of Religion, Speech, Press, Assembly, and Petition Essay examples
The First Amendment to the U. Constitution protects the freedom of speech, religion and the press. It also protects the right to peaceful protest and to petition the government. The amendment was adopted in along with nine other amendments that make up the Bill of Rights — a written document protecting civil liberties under U. The meaning of the First Amendment has been the subject of continuing interpretation and dispute over the years. Landmark Supreme Court cases have dealt with the right of citizens to protest U. During the summer of , a group of politicians, including James Madison and Alexander Hamilton , gathered in Philadelphia to draft a new U.
The First Amendment Amendment I to the United States Constitution prevents the government from making laws which respect an establishment of religion , prohibit the free exercise of religion , or abridge the freedom of speech , the freedom of the press , the right to peaceably assemble , or the right to petition the government for redress of grievances. It was adopted on December 15, , as one of the ten amendments that constitute the Bill of Rights. The Bill of Rights was originally proposed to assuage Anti-Federalist opposition to Constitutional ratification. Initially, the First Amendment applied only to laws enacted by the Congress , and many of its provisions were interpreted more narrowly than they are today. Beginning with Gitlow v. In Everson v. Board of Education , the Court drew on Thomas Jefferson 's correspondence to call for "a wall of separation between church and State", though the precise boundary of this separation remains in dispute.
The First Amendment guarantees freedoms concerning religion, expression, assembly, and the right to petition. It guarantees freedom of expression by prohibiting Congress from restricting the press or the rights of individuals to speak freely. It also guarantees the right of citizens to assemble peaceably and to petition their government. Learn more Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the government for a redress of grievances. Van Orden v. Perry
This prohibits the government from establishing a religion. To Americans it is important to maintain their civil rights.
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The Freedom Of The Press
The amendment prohibits the making of any law pertaining to an establishment of a federal or state religion, impeding the free exercise of religion, abridging the freedom of speech, infringing on the freedom of the press, interfering with the right to peaceably assemble, or prohibiting the petitioning for a governmental redress of grievances. Vietnam War Protest in Washington D. This is something that many other countries do not enjoy, as this map illustrates. Anti-war protests during World War I gave rise to several important free speech cases related to sedition and inciting violence. Clear and present danger was a doctrine adopted by the Supreme Court of the United States to determine under what circumstances limits can be placed on First Amendment freedoms of speech, press or assembly. Before the twentieth century, most free speech issues involved prior restraint.