Jackie Robinson: A Biography by Arnold RampersadThe extraordinary life of Jackie Robinson is illuminated as never before in this full-scale biography by Arnold Rampersad, who was chosen by Jacks widow, Rachel, to tell her husbands story, and was given unprecedented access to his private papers. We are brought closer than we have ever been to the great ballplayer, a man of courage and quality who became a pivotal figure in the areas of race and civil rights.
Born in the rural South, the son of a sharecropper, Robinson was reared in southern California. We see him blossom there as a student-athlete as he struggled against poverty and racism to uphold the beliefs instilled in him by his mother--faith in family, education, America, and God.
We follow Robinson through World War II, when, in the first wave of racial integration in the armed forces, he was commissioned as an officer, then court-martialed after refusing to move to the back of a bus. After he plays in the Negro National League, we watch the opening of an all-American drama as, late in 1945, Branch Rickey of the Brooklyn Dodgers recognized Jack as the right player to break baseballs color barrier--and the game was forever changed.
Jacks never-before-published letters open up his relationship with his family, especially his wife, Rachel, whom he married just as his perilous venture of integrating baseball began. Her memories are a major resource of the narrative as we learn about the severe harassment Robinson endured from teammates and opponents alike; about death threats and exclusion; about joy and remarkable success. We watch his courageous response to abuse, first as a stoic endurer, then as a fighter who epitomized courage and defiance.
We see his growing friendship with white players like Pee Wee Reese and the black teammates who followed in his footsteps, and his embrace by Brooklyns fans. We follow his blazing career: 1947, Rookie of the Year; 1949, Most Valuable Player; six pennants in ten seasons, and 1962, induction into the Hall of Fame.
But sports were merely one aspect of his life. We see his business ventures, his leading role in the community, his early support of Martin Luther King Jr., his commitment to the civil rights movement at a crucial stage in its evolution; his controversial associations with Eisenhower, Kennedy, Nixon, Humphrey, Goldwater, Nelson Rockefeller, and Malcolm X.
Rampersads magnificent biography leaves us with an indelible image of a principled man who was passionate in his loyalties and opinions: a baseball player who could focus a crowds attention as no one before or since; an activist at the crossroads of his peoples struggle; a dedicated family man whose last years were plagued by illness and tragedy, and who died prematurely at fifty-two. He was a pathfinder, an American hero, and he now has the biography he deserves.
From the Hardcover edition.
In , MLB retired his uniform number 42 across all major league teams; he was the first professional athlete in any sport to be so honored. MLB also adopted a new annual tradition, " Jackie Robinson Day ", for the first time on April 15, , on which every player on every team wears No. Robinson's character, his use of nonviolence , and his unquestionable talent challenged the traditional basis of segregation that had then marked many other aspects of American life. He influenced the culture of and contributed significantly to the civil rights movement. After his death in , Robinson was awarded the Congressional Gold Medal and Presidential Medal of Freedom in recognition of his achievements on and off the field. Jack Roosevelt Robinson was born on January 31, , into a family of sharecroppers in Cairo, Georgia. The extended Robinson family established itself on a residential plot containing two small houses at Pepper Street in Pasadena.
Negro League Statistics. Image Slideshow Quotes Resources. Jackie Robinson- The Life and Legend. Awards Jackie Robinson was chosen to throw the first pitch at the World Series. He received a citation from the National Conference of Christians and Jews. He had the best batting average in , with.
Robinson became the first black athlete to play Major League Baseball in the 20th century when he took the field for the Brooklyn Dodgers in Throughout his decade-long career, Robinson distinguished himself as one of the game's most talented and exciting players, recording an impressive. He was also a vocal civil rights activist. The youngest of five children, Robinson was raised in relative poverty by a single mother. He attended John Muir High School in Pasadena, California, and Pasadena Junior College , where he was an excellent athlete and played four sports: football, basketball, track and baseball. He was named the region's Most Valuable Player in baseball in Robinson's older brother, Matthew Robinson, inspired Robinson to pursue his talent and love of athletics.
Jackie Robinson baseball awards won list by Baseball Almanac.
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A talented and versatile player, Robinson won the National League Rookie of the Year award his first season, and helped the Dodgers to the National League championship — the first of his six trips to the World Series. Despite his skill, Robinson faced a barrage of insults and threats because of his race. In five at-bats he hit a three-run homer and three singles, stole two bases, and scored four times, twice by forcing the pitcher to balk. Promoted to the Dodgers the following spring, Robinson thrived on the pressure and established himself as the most exciting player in baseball. He come to beat ya. African American sportswriters, many of whom had advocated baseball integration for years, focused their attentions on Robinson and the black players who followed him. His success encouraged the integration of professional football, basketball, and tennis, while the Negro Leagues, which in a sense depended on segregation, began an irreversible decline, losing ballplayers, spectators and reporters.
Share sports quotes or photos of a sports event you went for. His accomplishments on the baseball diamond make him one of the greatest baseball players that the world has ever seen, but that isn't all that Jack Roosevelt 'Jackie' Robinson is known for! More than his baseball accomplishments, Robinson is remembered for 'breaking the barrier of racial segregation in the field of sports', which was at its peak back then. Accomplishments of Jack Roosevelt 'Jackie' Robinson. After Jackie's father died in , the Robinson family shifted to Pasadena, California. Inspired by his older brothers, Mack silver medalist at the Summer Olympics and Frank, Jackie decided to pursue his interest in sports and took active interest in football, basketball, track and field, and baseball, at the varsity level.