Separation Of Church And State Quotes (58 quotes)
The Real Meaning of the Separation of Church and State
Is it really part of the law? When the First Amendment was adopted in , the establishment clause applied only to the federal government, prohibiting the federal government from any involvement in religion. By , all states had disestablished religion from government, providing protections for religious liberty in state constitutions. In the 20th century, the U. Supreme Court applied the establishment clause to the states through the 14th Amendment.
The separation of church and state is a philosophic and jurisprudential concept for defining political distance in the relationship between religious organizations and the nation state. Conceptually, the term refers to the creation of a secular state with or without legally explicit church—state separation and to disestablishment, the changing of an existing, formal relationship between the church and the state. In a society, the degree of political separation between the church and the civil state is determined by the legal structures and prevalent legal views that define the proper relationship between organized religion and the state. The arm's length principle proposes a relationship wherein the two political entities interact as organizations independent of the authority of the other. The philosophy of the separation of the church from the civil state parallels the philosophies of secularism , disestablishmentarianism , religious liberty , and religious pluralism , by way of which the European states assumed some of the social roles of the church, the welfare state , a social shift that produced a culturally secular population and public sphere. An important contributor to the discussion concerning the proper relationship between Church and state was St. In this work, Augustine posited that major points of overlap were to be found between the "earthly city" and the "city of God", especially as people need to live together and get along on earth.