Arab scientists and their inventions

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arab scientists and their inventions

The House of Wisdom: How Arabic Science Saved Ancient Knowledge and Gave Us the Renaissance by Jim Al-Khalili

A myth-shattering view of the Islamic worlds myriad scientific innovations and the role they played in sparking the European Renaissance. Many of the innovations that we think of as hallmarks of Western science had their roots in the Arab world of the middle ages, a period when much of Western Christendom lay in intellectual darkness. Jim al- Khalili, a leading British-Iraqi physicist, resurrects this lost chapter of history, and given current East-West tensions, his book could not be timelier. With transporting detail, al-Khalili places readers in the hothouses of the Arabic Enlightenment, shows how they led to Europes cultural awakening, and poses the question: Why did the Islamic world enter its own dark age after such a dazzling flowering?
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The History and Achievements of the Islamic Golden Age - The Great Courses

Today, we will look through Top 20 Muslim Scientists of Islamic Golden Age; those behind the scientific revolution in Islamic traditions.
Jim Al-Khalili

10 Things You Use Every Day That Are Invented by Muslims

T here is no such thing as Islamic science — for science is the most universal of human activities. But the means to facilitating scientific advances have always been dictated by culture, political will and economic wealth. What is only now becoming clear to many in the west is that during the dark ages of medieval Europe, incredible scientific advances were made in the Muslim world. Geniuses in Baghdad, Cairo, Damascus and Cordoba took on the scholarly works of ancient Egypt, Mesopotamia, Persia, Greece, India and China, developing what we would call "modern" science. New disciplines emerged — algebra, trigonometry and chemistry as well as major advances in medicine, astronomy, engineering and agriculture. Arabic texts replaced Greek as the fonts of wisdom, helping to shape the scientific revolution of the Renaissance. What the medieval scientists of the Muslim world articulated so brilliantly is that science is universal, the common language of the human race.

Kiri Beilby counts down the top 10 most influential scientists from the Arabic scientists were indebted to their predecessors: Arabic scholars who made He is also known for the invention of many surgical instruments.
you re your own worst critic

1001 Inventions

London, England CNN -- Think of the origins of that staple of modern life, the cup of coffee, and Italy often springs to mind. Along with the first university, and even the toothbrush, it is among surprising Muslim inventions that have shaped the world we live in today. The origins of these fundamental ideas and objects -- the basis of everything from the bicycle to musical scales -- are the focus of " Inventions," a book celebrating "the forgotten" history of 1, years of Muslim heritage. Hassani hopes the exhibition will highlight the contributions of non-Western cultures -- like the Muslim empire that once covered Spain and Portugal, Southern Italy and stretched as far as parts of China -- to present day civilization. Around the year 1,, the celebrated doctor Al Zahrawi published a 1, page illustrated encyclopedia of surgery that was used in Europe as a medical reference for the next years. Among his many inventions, Zahrawi discovered the use of dissolving cat gut to stitch wounds -- beforehand a second surgery had to be performed to remove sutures. He also reportedly performed the first caesarean operation and created the first pair of forceps.

A thousand years ago, geographer Al-Istakhri wrote of seeing windmills used to provide power, running mills that were built everywhere. Unlike the traditional European design, Central Asian windmills had vertical shafts onto which vertical vanes were mounted to catch the wind In early 12th-century Muslim Spain, a gifted philosopher, mathematician, poet, and medical doctor was born. From rose water to hair dye, soap to paint, early chemists worked to create a panoply of useful substances. To make their experiments more accurate Blue skies, lush greenery, and brightly-coloured flowers. Add the soothing sounds of water gushing from a fountain, and the picture is complete.

This is a list of Muslim scientists who have contributed significantly to science and civilization in the Islamic Golden Age i. For a detailed list of Muslim philosophers, refer to the [[List of Muslim philosophers], this list only includes philosophers who were active in the medieval Islamic world. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. Further information: Islamic psychological thought.

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