Christopher Columbus and the Afrikan Holocaust: Slavery and the Rise of European Capitalism by John Henrik ClarkeThis book is definitely a masterpiece. Dr. Clarke was truly a genuis, he goes through the slave trade and shows the roles of both various European world imperialist powers, and african empires that played a role in the slave trade and He uses referrences from portuguese and spanyard sources that shows the role of Christopher Colombus and his crew men in the african holocaust as well as the holocaust against the indigenous people of america and He shows how the crusades played a crucial role in the second rise of europe and its exploitation of most of the world and This book is excellent, it is well researched and it answers questions to many unknown or know but unanswered questions. The personality of Christopher Colombus and europes mentality towards the rest of the world has been exposed and I seriously recommend this book for all who are interested in the subject
Lectures in History Preview: Indian Slave Trade in the Colonial South
The official observance of this day began here a hundred years ago and was the first state to proclaim a columbus day holiday. After several years of negotiating unsuccessfully with columbus day parade organizers to try and change the tenor of their parade, citizens took to the streets in Denver and succeeded in stopping what was originally scheduled as a massive celebration of the european invasion of the Americas. For their part, those who have protested continue to insist that any celebration of Columbus and his deeds is in fact a celebration of the genocide of native peoples in the Americas. The continuing debate in the local and national press in the United States is whether, indeed, Columbus's act of "discovery" constitutes a [End Page 25] genocidal act at all. This essay seeks to take away the flimsy excuses for the continued celebration of a violent historical figure, empire, and genocide. We will present the facts of the case as bluntly as possible in the interests of promoting some genuine dialogue and healing between contemporary White Americans and the descendents of the original owners of this land.
As the classroom rhyme goes, Christopher Columbus sailed the ocean blue in and discovered America. But there is more to the story of the explorer we celebrate with a federal holiday on the second Monday of every October. As historians have continued to learn and write more about the real life of Christopher Columbus, controversy has arisen over the validity of honoring the explorer as a hero. Like many European explorers, Christopher Columbus encountered indigenous people throughout his voyages. Singularly focused on his mission to find riches and conquer new lands, Columbus and his teams treated the indigenous groups they came across as obstacles to their greater mission. Historians have uncovered extensive evidence of the damage wreaked by Columbus and his teams, leading to an outcry over emphasis placed upon studying and celebrating him in schools and public celebrations.
They had been looking for it—they knew it existed—and, familiar as they were with oceans, they had no difficulty in recognizing it when they saw it. On their way, however, they saw a good many things they had not been looking for and were not familiar with. When they returned to Spain to tell what they had seen, it was not a simple matter to find words for everything. For example, they had killed a large and ferocious wild animal. They called it a tiger, although there were no tigers in Spain and none of the men had ever seen one before. Listening to their story was Peter Martyr, member of the King's Council of the Indies and possessor of an insatiable curiosity about the new land that Spain was uncovering in the west.
Christopher Columbus: The Untold Story. Many people are surprised to learn that Christopher Columbus and his men enslaved native inhabitants of the West Indies, forced them to convert to Christianity, and subdued them with violence in an effort to seek riches. For readers who are skeptical or wish to learn more, this page contains information that can be confirmed by consulting the sources cited. After reading this page, please also see Examining the Reputation of Columbus. Thus, after having turned out all the Jews from all your kingdoms and lordships I shall forget sleep, and shall work at the business of navigation, so that the service is performed.