Concentration Camps Quotes (32 quotes)
Concentration Camps: Gross-Rosen
It was founded in the summer of , originally as a satellite camp of Sachsenhausen, in the vicinity of a granite quarry. Just under a year later, on the 1st of May , Gross-Rosen became an independent concentration camp, operating until February At the start, the camp's prisoners were made to work in the quarry, owned by the SS-Deutsche Erd und Steinwerke GmbH, and on the construction of the camp itself. Further auxiliary camps were gradually established in the area. The number of prisoners in the camp rose steadily, from approximately one and a half thousand in to almost a hundred thousand when the camp was closed. The total number of people imprisoned in Gross-Rosen during the war is close to victims of various nationalities. Jews formed the largest group.
It became an independent camp in Prisoners were sent to work in the nearby granite quarry, and as the camp expanded, many prisoners worked in the factories of several subcamps. The most famous of Gross-Rosen's subcamps was Brunnlitz where the workers of Oskar Schindler's textile factory were interned. Overall, Schindler saved over a thousand Jews who worked in this camp. Gross-Rosen was a large and very typical Nazi concentration camp.
The Gross-Rosen concentration camp was originally established in as a subcamp of the Sachsenhausen concentration camp. The camp was named for the nearby village of Gross-Rosen. Now called Rogoznica, the village is approximately 40 miles southwest of Wroclaw in present-day western Poland. In , Gross-Rosen was designated an autonomous concentration camp. At first, the prisoners were employed primarily as forced laborers in the construction of the camp and in the nearby SS -owned granite quarry.
The Gross-Rosen concentration camp was originally established in as a subcamp of the Sachsenhausen concentration camp. The camp was named for.
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Siegfried Halbreich Describes conditions and forced labor in the Gross-Rosen camp [1992 interview]
At its peak activity in , the Gross-Rosen complex had up to subcamps located in eastern Germany, Czechoslovakia, and on the territory of occupied Poland. KZ Gross-Rosen was set up in the summer of as a satellite camp of the Sachsenhausen concentration camp from Oranienburg. The company was put in charge of employment from the camps with Jews intended to work for food only. The Gross-Rosen location close to occupied Poland was of considerable advantage. Gross Rosen became an independent camp on 1 May As the complex grew, the majority of inmates were put to work in the new Nazi enterprises attached to these subcamps.
The first transport of prisoners arrived there on 2nd August On 1st May Arbeitslager Gross-Rosen gained the status of self-reliant concentration camp. Exhausting hour work in the quarry, starving rations of food, lack of proper medical care, incessant maltreat and terrorization of prisoners both by SS crew and functionary prisoners caused high mortality rate and KL Gross-Rosen was reckoned as one of the hardest concentrations camps. The considerable enlargement of the camp took place in and in that year also was changed its character. Apart from the main camp in Gross-Rosen, numerous auxiliary camps were created approximately Through Gross- Rosen- the main camp and its subcamps- went about prisoners in general, including those who were not registered, and those who were transported to the camp to be executed, like 2 Russian prisoners of war POWs.
Camp Gross-Rosen grounds used to be part of the German empire before and during the war, but nowadays she lies in Poland due to the fact that the border between Germany and Poland moved west after the war. A year later the Germans turned it into a concentration camp which held mostly Jewish captives. The location was chosen by Albert Speer due to the granite quarry nearby, which was needed to build the new German capital Germania. The land was originally part of the property of Manfred von Richthofen, better known as the Red Baron, the fighter pilot from the First World war. The first prisoners arrived on the 2nd of August in The laborers had to work 12 hours a day in the stone quarry, doing extremely exhausting and dangerous work without proper equipment, poor clothing and undergoing constant harassment by the German overseers.