Malcolm X Quotes (41 quotes)
Malcolm X - Minister & Human Rights Activist - Mini Bio - Biography
Malcolm X was a minister, human rights activist and prominent black nationalist leader who served as a spokesman for the Nation of Islam during the s and s. Due largely to his efforts, the Nation of Islam grew from a mere members at the time he was released from prison in to 40, members by A naturally gifted orator, Malcolm X exhorted blacks to cast off the shackles of racism "by any means necessary," including violence.
Malcolm X and the Fight for Black Freedom
Malcolm X , the activist and outspoken public voice of the Black Muslim faith, challenged the mainstream civil-rights movement and the nonviolent pursuit of integration championed by Martin Luther King, Jr. Charismatic and eloquent, Malcolm became an influential leader of the Nation of Islam, which combined Islam with black nationalism and sought to encourage and enfranchise disadvantaged young blacks searching for confidence in segregated America. There, in the face of similar threats, he continued to urge blacks to take control of their lives. Although he was found with his head crushed on one side and almost severed from his body, it was claimed he had committed suicide, and the family was denied his death benefit. Its disintegration quickly followed: Welfare caseworkers sought to turn the children against each other and against their mother, from whom Malcolm, then six, was taken and placed in a foster home. Little underwent a nervous breakdown from which she never recovered.
Although both Black Muslims and King's Southern Christian Leadership Conference had the same general goals of defeating white racism and empowering African Americans, Malcolm and King had different tended to speak at different venues street corners vs. Malcolm, who would publicly deny that he was even an American, worked for a Nation of Islam that sought to create a separate society for its members. Malcolm rejected integration with white America as a worthwhile aim deriding it as "coffee with a cracker" and particularly opposed non-violence as a means of attaining it. Nothing But Scorn As for the apostle of non-violence, for years Malcolm showed him nothing but scorn. King was a "fool," a modern-day "Uncle Tom," and his march, where King gave his celebrated speech, just a "farce on Washington. King would not debate, his secretary told Malcolm, because "he has always considered his work in a positive action framework rather than engaging in consistent negative debate. To be sure, the Nation of Islam talked a good game, but when Los Angeles Temple secretary Ronald Stokes, originally from Roxbury, was gunned down by police, Muhammad refused to permit an aggressive response, counting on God to avenge the incident.
In , Malcolm X made a pilgrimage to Mecca and changed his name restive as the Nation of Islam failed to join in the mounting civil rights.
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The 50th Anniversary of His Assassination
A half-century after their deaths, Martin Luther King Jr and Malcolm X remain two of the world's most revered political activists. But a t the start of the s, the media were constructing a conflict that stirred the civil rights debate: Malcolm X versus Reverend Martin Luther King. Malcolm represented the kind of attitude and political perspective of many of young black so-called militants and radicals coming out of urban areas in the north. They had a different kind of attitude. It was hard for them to swallow this notion of non-violence Malcolm says, 'Somebody hits you. You send him to the cemetery'.