John Rawls Quotes (Author of A Theory of Justice)
POLITICAL THEORY - John Rawls
Justice as Fairness
Many consider John Rawls the most important political philosopher of the 20th century. He took an old idea, thought of a fresh way of using it, and came up with principles for a just society. John Rawls was born in Baltimore, Maryland, in His mother was a women's rights activist. The second of five sons, Rawls tragically contracted and passed on infectious diseases to two of his brothers who died from them. Rawls attended mainly private schools before entering Princeton in
A Theory of Justice is a work of political philosophy and ethics by John Rawls , in which the author addresses the problem of distributive justice the socially just distribution of goods in a society. The theory utilises an updated form of Kantian philosophy and a variant form of conventional social contract theory. Rawls's theory of justice is fully a political theory of justice as opposed to other forms of justice discussed in other disciplines and contexts. The resultant theory was challenged and refined several times in the decades following its original publication in A significant reappraisal was published in the essay " Justice as Fairness ", and a subsequent book under the same title, within which Rawls further developed his two central principles for his discussion of justice.
John Rawls Two Principles of Justice
The first significant and unique contribution to the study of Ethics by an American has been that of John Rawls, a Professor of Philosophy at Harvard University. His theory was developed to assist a society in ordering its affairs. His ideas have influenced many lawmakers and Supreme Court decisions in the United States. Among many examples are the laws for providing equal access to opportunities for minorities and the disabled. Rawls wants to use reasoning which all humans have to arrive at the principle of the GOOD.