When did spain conquer mexico

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when did spain conquer mexico

Conquest: Montezuma, Cortes and the Fall of Old Mexico by Hugh Thomas

Drawing on newly discovered sources and writing with brilliance, drama, and profound historical insight, Hugh Thomas presents an engrossing narrative of one of the most significant events of Western history.

Ringing with the fury of two great empires locked in an epic battle, Conquest captures in extraordinary detail the Mexican and Spanish civilizations and offers unprecedented in-depth portraits of the legendary opponents, Montezuma and Cortés. Conquest is an essential work of history from one of our most gifted historians.
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Hernán Cortés: Conqueror of the Aztecs

He also helped colonize Cuba and became a governor of New Spain. He was the only son of noble, though not wealthy, parents. He became fascinated with tales of Christopher Columbus ' New World explorations. Columbus had set sail hoping to find a route to Asia or India. Nutmeg, cloves and pomander from the Indonesian "Spice Islands" and pepper and cinnamon from India were in high demand, said Cosme.

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April 21, the year Ce Acatl One Reed by Aztec reckoning-- marked the opening of a short but decisive chapter in Mexico's history. The party disembarked to set up camp on the dunes behind the beach. In a friendly reception from the native Totonac Indians, greetings and gifts were exchanged. The term "Aztec" will be used throughout, although some historians prefer the less familiar designation "Mexica" for the last of Mexico's formidable pre-Hispanic civilizations. They reported the arrival of fair-skinned, bearded strangers and fearsome "man-beasts" cavalry who had descended from "towers floating on the sea. The Spanish Conquest had begun.

He built a fort and left behind Spanish soldiers to hunt for gold on Hispaniola, while he returned to Spain. These men were later murdered by the inhabitants of the island for mistreating them. On his second voyage, Columbus took a thousand Spanish colonists to settle in Hispaniola. These colonists fought among themselves and with the inhabitants of the island. They were greedy and complained that there was not enough gold to make them all rich. They were given land and allowed to force the indigenous people to work for them, but they were still not satisfied. The colonists were also responsible forintroducing foreign epidemic diseases such as influenza, smallpox, measles and typhus, which drastically reduced the indigenous population in the Caribbean within 50 years.

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