Definition of critical thinking by john dewey

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definition of critical thinking by john dewey

John Dewey Quotes (Author of Art as Experience)

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Critical thinking

A John Dewey source page

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John Dewey. Lexington, Mass: D. Heath, :
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Introduction

John Dewey. Lexington, Mass: D. Heath, : AFTER a brief consideration in the first chapter of the nature of reflective thinking, we turned, in the second, to the need for its training. Then we took up the resources, the difficulties, and the aim of its training. The purpose of this discussion was to set before the student the general problem of the training of mind. The purport of the second part, upon which we are now entering, is giving a fuller statement of the nature and normal growth of thinking, preparatory to considering in the concluding part the special problems that arise in connection with its education.

Decades before Carl Sagan published his now-legendary Baloney Detection Kit for critical thinking, the great philosopher, psychologist, and education reformer John Dewey October 20, —June 1, penned the definitive treatise on the subject — a subject all the more urgently relevant today, in our age of snap judgments and instant opinions. In his masterwork How We Think free download public library , Dewey examines what separates thinking, a basic human faculty we take for granted, from thinking well , what it takes to train ourselves into mastering the art of thinking, and how we can channel our natural curiosity in a productive way when confronted with an overflow of information. Dewey begins with the foundation of reflective thought, the defining quality of the fruitful, creative mind:. More of our waking life than we should care to admit, even to ourselves, is likely to be whiled away in this inconsequential trifling with idle fancy and unsubstantial hope…. Reflection involves not simply a sequence of ideas, but a con sequence — a consecutive ordering in such a way that each determines the next as its proper outcome, while each in turn leans back on its predecessors. The successive portions of the reflective thought grow out of one another and support one another; they do not come and go in a medley. Each phase is a step from something to something — technically speaking, it is a term of thought.

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2 thoughts on “John Dewey Quotes (Author of Art as Experience)

  1. This chapter sets out Dewey's conception of inquiry and traces the chain of connections that he established between thinking and inquiry, inquiry and experience, and experience and education.

  2. The aim of this study is to investigate the conception of philosophy as a criticism and its relationship to education in the thought of John Dewey.

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