1421: The Year China Discovered America by Gavin MenziesOn 3/8/1421, the largest fleet the world had ever seen set sail from China. Its mission was to proceed all the way to the ends of the earth to collect tribute from the barbarians beyond the seas & unite the whole world in Confucian harmony. When it returned in 10/1423, the emperor had fallen, leaving China in political & economic chaos. The great ships were left to rot at their moorings. Most records of their journeys were destroyed. Lost in Chinas long, self-imposed isolation that followed was the knowledge that Chinese ships had reached America 70 years before Columbus & had circumnavigated the globe a century before Magellan. Also concealed was how the Chinese colonized America before the Europeans & transplanted in America & other countries the principal economic crops that have fed & clothed the world.
Unveiling incontrovertible evidence of these astonishing voyages, 1421 rewrites our understanding of history. Our knowledge of world exploration as its been commonly accepted for centuries must now be reconceived due to this landmark work of historical investigation.
History of China 1: Origins of Chinese Civilization (Before 1100 B.C.)
Did China discover America?
Discover the over-3,year history of China: a brief history with a China history timeline and introductions to the dynasties and periods. China is one of the world's four ancient civilizations , and the written history of China dates back to the Shang Dynasty c. Pre BC , China is charted mainly by legends and prehistoric evidence. The ancient China era was c. The imperial era was BC — AD, from China's unification under Qin rule until the end of the Qing Dynasty, the Republic of China era was from until , and the modern China era from until the present day. Read on for a snapshot of China's historical timeline and some key events. Without any reliable historical records , most of what has been pieced together about prehistoric life in China comes from speculation about human activity at archaeological sites and unearthed relics.
The first humans to settle in the Americas crossed the Bering land bridge from Asia, most archaeologists agree, and Norse sailors and Christopher Columbus were among the first Europeans to set foot in the New World. But amateur historian and author Gavin Menzies has made a.
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That much, we know, is true. But some people believe he went much farther—and this map is one reason. If it is real, it rewrites history, for it shows that he circumnavigated the globe and—most provocatively—that he discovered America more than 70 years before Columbus. He believes it proves that Zheng navigated the waters around both poles, the Americas, the Mediterranean and Australia too. The outlines of the continents on the map are instantly recognisable. The map is impressively detailed.
Ancient China produced what has become the oldest extant culture in the world. The name 'China' comes from the Sanskrit Cina derived from the name of the Chinese Qin Dynasty , pronounced 'Chin' which was translated as 'Cin' by the Persians and seems to have become popularized through trade along the Silk Road from China to the rest of the world. Marco Polo , the famous explorer who familiarized China to Europe in the 13th century CE, referred to the land as 'Cathay. In Mandarin Chinese, the country is known as 'Zhongguo' meaning "central state" or "middle empire ". Well before the advent of recognizable civilization in the region, the land was occupied by hominids.
The earliest known written records of the history of China date from as early as BC, from the Shang dynasty c. However, Neolithic civilizations originated at various cultural centers along both the Yellow River and Yangtze River. These Yellow River and Yangtze civilizations arose millennia before the Shang. With thousands of years of continuous history, China is one of the world's oldest civilizations ,  and is regarded as one of the cradles of civilization. The Zhou dynasty — BC supplanted the Shang, and introduced the concept of the Mandate of Heaven to justify their rule. The central Zhou government began to weaken due to external and internal pressures in the 8th century BC, and the country eventually splintered into smaller states during the Spring and Autumn period. These states became independent and warred with one another in the following Warring States period.