Madame Fourcades Secret War: The Daring Young Woman Who Led Frances Largest Spy Network Against Hitler by Lynne OlsonThe dramatic true story of Marie-Madeleine Fourcade--codename Hedgehog--the woman who headed the largest spy network in occupied France during World War II, from the New York Times bestselling author of Citizens of London and Those Angry Days.
In 1941, a thirty-one-year-old Frenchwoman born to privilege and known for her beauty and glamour became the leader of a vast Resistance organization--the only woman to hold such a role. Brave, independent, and a lifelong rebel against her countrys conservative, patriarchal society, Marie-Madeleine Fourcade was temperamentally made for the job. Her groups name was Alliance, but the Gestapo dubbed it Noahs Ark because its agents used the names of animals as their aliases. Marie-Madeleines codename was Hedgehog.
No other French spy network lasted as long or supplied as much crucial intelligence as Alliance--and as a result, the Gestapo pursued them relentlessly, capturing, torturing, and executing hundreds of its three thousand agents, including her own lover and many of her key spies. Fourcade had to move her headquarters every week, constantly changing her hair color, clothing, and identity, yet was still imprisoned twice by the Nazis. Both times she managed to escape, once by stripping naked and forcing her thin body through the bars of her cell. The mother of two young children, Marie-Madeleine hardly saw them during the war, so entirely engaged was she in her spy network, preferring they live far from her and out of harms way.
In Madame Fourcades Secret War, Lynne Olson tells the tense, fascinating story of Fourcade and Alliance against the background of the developing war that split France in two and forced its citizens to live side by side with their hated German occupiers.
Secret Messages for the Free French Forces (1940-1944)
Radio Londres was a radio station broadcast from to by the BBC in London to It also sent coded messages to the French resistance (see below). Google Books: The Second World War: Ambitions to Nemesis By Bradley Lightbody p; (in French) «Les Français parlent aux Français Hidden categories.
The man who prepared France for D-Day
Jedburghs S. Special Air Service S. Black Plan: destruction of oil depots. Red Plan: destruction of ammunition depots. Turtle plan: neutralization of roads. Materials parachuted to the Norman resistance.
It focuses on the Normandy Landings in June In a number of scenes, members of the cast, whether they are portraying resistance fighters or German officers, are listening to a BBC announcer read a list of nonsensical statements. Some of these are genuine nonsense, while others are meant to instruct the Resistance on how to carry out their sabotage plans prior to the D-Day invasion. Such coded messages were common in WWII. In one scene of the film, the mayor of Colleville and his elderly mother are sitting down to eat. He has the radio quietly playing in the background as he gets ready to eat his soup. The audience can hear the voice of the BBC beginning the nightly broadcast, as they did virtually every night until the liberation of France:.
Members of the Resistance provided the Allies with intelligence on German defences and carried out acts of sabotage to disrupt the German war effort. Both tracks and trains were deliberately damaged to put the railways out of action. Non-violent acts of resistance such as strikes and go-slows were used to great effect, particularly by railway workers, to delay the movement of German troops and supplies to the invasion area. Factories and industrial centres were also targeted to slow war production. SOE sent agents to support resistance groups and provided them with weapons, sabotage materials and other supplies. There were also differences between the many groups that made up French resistance — each had different origins, methods and political aims — as well as rivalries between the various intelligence organisations, including SOE.
It was entirely in French and was operated by the Free French who had escaped from occupied France. It served not only to counter the propaganda broadcasts of German-controlled Radio Paris and the Vichy government 's Radiodiffusion Nationale , but also to appeal to the French to rise up, as well as being used to send coded messages to the French Resistance.
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Please refresh the page and retry. W hen a young BBC radio assistant during the Second World War was handed a scratched disc to play on air, they did the helpful thing: swapped it for a different one. The music was simply there to fill short gaps between wartime news broadcasts, the assistant reasoned, so the tune itself was of little consequence. Unfortunately, that was not the case. The first record was a coded message for resistance fighters in Europe, and by playing another the assistant was unwittingly hampering the war effort. The are revealed in an archive of material that sets out in detail for the first time how the BBC sent secret messages across the airwaves on its European service. He will bring with him a gramophone record which he will hand over to you and he will wait until after the transmission to receive the record back.