Dog Algebra: When Positive Reinforcement Fails To Solve The Problem by Tammie RogersSometimes things just dont add up.
Using positive reinforcement to train a dog can be a fun, rewarding, and successful endeavor.... until a cat saunters into the room. Offering food to redirect Buster’s attention away from Miss Kitty is often recommended, and as often it fails to diminish Buster’s fascination with felines.
When Cat = 100 and Hotdog = 4, theres little chance that the dog will simply take his focus off kitty, especially if hes not hungry.
In DOG ALGEBRA, Tammie Rogers solves the equation by offering a simple, straightforward, natural, and effective way to overcome training situations that positive reinforcement fails to resolve.
The common sense principles described in this book will help every dog owner develop a more trusting, confident, respectful, and enjoyable relationship with their canine companion.
DOG ALGEBRA is amazing, uncomplicated, winning advice all served up in a concise, easy to read book authored by a highly experienced educator of dogs and their people.
Solve for G where G = Good Dog!
Author of 4-H Guide: Dog Training & Dog Tricks (Voyageur Press, 2009) and T.E.A.C.H. Your Own Service Dog (www.Lulu.com, 2011), Rogers uses her 25 years of working with dogs and their people to continue her discussion on how to forge a happy, respectful and loyal partnership.
Management Styles: Positive and Negative Reinforcement
Positive reinforcement is the practice of rewarding desirable employee behavior in order to strengthen that behavior. Recognizing and rewarding desirable employee behavior is the essential key to motivating employees to work more productively. This method will reap many benefits:. To reinforce successfully, you need to define exactly what it is that constitutes desirable behavior. You should then set specific, measurable work goals with each employee or with the entire team, and then decide together, which behaviors are most important for achieving the results.
Providing a negative consequence without presenting a more desirable behavior is punishment. Positive and negative reinforcement are common, often complementary tools used by managers to motivate workers. A positive reinforcement is a reward or incentive offered to an employee for meeting certain performance standards. A negative reinforcement is the use of a consequence, such as lost pay or a demotion, to discourage an employee from underperforming or behaving offensively or unethically. Positive reinforcement includes verbal or written praising, informal or formal awards and pay structures that offer commission, bonuses, raises and promotional opportunities to high performers. Positive reinforcement motivates employees to meet a particular level of expectation.
Reinforcement is a process of strengthening desirable behaviors, often through the use of rewards. Reinforcement is a term used in the context of behavioral analysis and in a specific kind of intentional behavior change known as operant conditioning. It is a process of increasing the incidence of a measurable behavior. Very basic examples of such behaviors include things like the rate of pulling a lever, the duration of holding down a button, or the speed with which a switch is flipped after a certain noise is sounded. In reinforcement, the rate of the target behavior is increased by giving a reward i. Giving a monkey a banana for performing a trick is an example of positive reinforcement; quieting a constant unpleasantly loud noise when a rat pushes a button is an example of negative reinforcement. In a management context, reinforcers include salary increases, bonuses, promotions, variable incomes, flexible work hours, and paid sabbaticals.
Assess the Traits of a Positive Workplace
In operant conditioning , positive reinforcement involves the addition of a reinforcing stimulus following a behavior that makes it more likely that the behavior will occur again in the future. When a favorable outcome, event, or reward occurs after an action, that particular response or behavior will be strengthened. One of the easiest ways to remember positive reinforcement is to think of it as something being added. By thinking of it in these terms, you may find it easier to identify real-world examples of positive reinforcement. Sometimes positive reinforcement occurs quite naturally. For example, when you hold the door open for someone you might receive praise and a thank you.
People can always find something nice to say, if they want to; if they look hard enough, they can find and comment on some imperfection, too. The choice is theirs. As a small-business owner, you're confronted with your employees' behavior every day. So if you're wondering what type of reinforcement people respond to best, join the legions of behavioral experts who say that developing a positive workplace — and one that promotes positive reinforcement — is right up there with drafting a business plan: critical to your success as a small-business owner. No workplace can supply the excitement and energy of Disneyland, at least not every day. But it should feature certain characteristics to provide the context in which positive reinforcement can thrive.