Battles of the Civil War, 1861-1865: From Fort Sumter to Petersburg by Kevin J. Dougherty• An information-packed, highly illustrated guide to 20 battles of the Civil War, including Fort Sumter, First Manassas, Antietam, Gettysburg, Shiloh, Chancellorsville, Kennesaw Mountain, and many more
• Includes exciting, full-color tactical maps for each battle, showing the reader the dispositions and movements of the opposing armies at a glance
•For each battle a quick reference panel gives details of the date, location, the generals involved, the number of troops, and the outcome
Great Campaigns of the Civil War - Part One (1861-1863) - 2375
Battle of Fort Sumter
The Battle of Fort Sumter occurred on April 14, Several important events occurred to lead to this first armed confrontation of the American Civil War. Claiming authority over the area, on January 9th, , South Carolina authorities seized Federal property in Charleston Harbor. Two days later, Anderson and his command surrendered, and a surrender ceremony was held. In other states and territories, sympathizers and local governments mobilized troops and pledged their support for the Confederate cause. From that point on, tensions escalated around much of a nation that now found itself in the throes of a war pitting brother against brother. In other words, this event has an important legacy in American history in that it is considered the beginning of the American Civil War.
In the wake of President Abraham Lincoln's election in November , the state of South Carolina began debating secession. On December 20, a vote was taken in which the state decided to leave the Union.
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On December 24, Pickens sent proxies to Washington to negotiate what would be done about the occupied forts and to ensure Anderson remained at Fort Moultrie. However, on December 26 Anderson put his plan into action: he assembled his men, loaded them and their families onto boats, and rowed to Fort Sumter. - Although Fort Sumter held no strategic value to the North—it was unfinished and its guns faced the sea rather than Confederate shore batteries—it held enormous value as a symbol of the Union.
Confederate victory. Following the declaration of secession by South Carolina on December 20, , its authorities demanded that the U. Army abandon its facilities in Charleston Harbor. Army surreptitiously moved his small command from the vulnerable Fort Moultrie on Sullivan's Island to Fort Sumter, a substantial fortress built on an island controlling the entrance of Charleston Harbor. An attempt by U. President James Buchanan to reinforce and resupply Anderson using the unarmed merchant ship Star of the West failed when it was fired upon by shore batteries on January 9, South Carolina authorities then seized all Federal property in the Charleston area except for Fort Sumter.